References

  • Abdelwahed, M.F., and Zhao, D., 2007, Deep structure of the Japan subduction zone: Physics of The Earth and Planetary Interiors, v. 162, p. 32–52.
  • Abrajevitch, A.V., Ali, J.R., Aitchison, J.C., Badengzhu, Davis, A.M., Liu, J., and Ziabrev, S.V., 2005, Neotethys and the India–Asia collision: Insights from a palaeomagnetic study of the Dazhuqu ophiolite, southern Tibet: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 233, p. 87–102.
  • Acharya, S.K., and Mitra, N.D., 1986, Regional geology and tectonic setting of northeast India and adjoining region: Geology of Nagaland Ophiolite, Memoir of the Geological Survey of India, p. 6–12.
  • Advokaat, E.L., van Hinsbergen, D., Kaymakci, N., Vissers, R.L.M., and Hendriks, B.W.H., 2014a, Late Cretaceous extension and Palaeogene rotation-related contraction in Central Anatolia recorded in the Ayhan-Büyükkışla basin: International Geology Review, v. 56, p. 1813–1836.
  • Advokaat, E.L., van Hinsbergen, D., Maffione, M., Langereis, C.G., Vissers, R.L.M., Cherchi, A., Schroeder, R., Madani, H., and Columbu, S., 2014b, Eocene rotation of Sardinia, and the paleogeography of the western Mediterranean region: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 401, p. 183–195.
  • Agard, P., Jolivet, L., Vrielynck, B., Burov, E., and Monié, P., 2007, Plate acceleration: The obduction trigger?: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 258, p. 428–441.
  • Agard, P., Omrani, J., Jolivet, L., Whitechurch, H., Vrielynck, B., Spakman, W., Monié, P., Meyer, B., and Wortel, M.J.R., 2011, Zagros orogeny: a subduction-dominated process: Geological Magazine, v. 148, p. 692–725.
  • Akinin, V.V., and Miller, E.L., 2011, Evolution of calc-alkaline magmas of the Okhotsk-Chukotka volcanic belt: Petrology, v. 19, p. 237–277.
  • Al-Riyami, K., Robertson, A.H.F., Dixon, J.E., and Xenophontos, C., 2002, Origin and emplacement of the Late Cretaceous Baer–Bassit ophiolite and its metamorphic sole in NW Syria: Lithos, v. 65, p. 225–260.
  • Amaru, M.L., 2007, Global travel time tomography with 3-D reference models: Geologica Ultraiectina, v. 274, 174 p.
  • Anczkiewicz, R., Platt, J.P., Thirlwall, M.F., and Wakabayashi, J., 2004, Franciscan subduction off to a slow start: evidence from high-precision Lu–Hf garnet ages on high grade-blocks: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 225, p. 147–161.
  • Aragón, E., D’Eramo, F., Castro, A., Pinotti, L., Brunelli, D., Rabbia, O., Rivalenti, G., Varela, R., Spakman, W., Demartis, M., Cavarozzi, C.E., Aguilera, Y.E., Mazzucchelli, M., and Ribot, A., 2011, Tectono-magmatic response to major convergence changes in the North Patagonian suprasubduction system; the Paleogene subduction–transcurrent plate margin transition: Tectonophysics, v. 509, p. 218–237.
  • Arculus, R.J., Ishizuka, O., Bogus, K.A., Gurnis, M., Hickey-Vargas, R., Aljahdali, M.H., Bandini-Maeder, A.N., Barth, A.P., Brandl, P.A., Drab, L., do Monte Guerra, R., Hamada, M., Jiang, F., Kanayama, K., et al., 2015, A record of spontaneous subduction initiation in the Izu–Bonin–Mariana arc: Nature Geoscience, v. 8, p. 728–733.
  • Argnani, A., 2012, Plate motion and the evolution of Alpine Corsica and Northern Apennines : Tectonophysics, v. 579, p. 207–219.
  • Argnani, A., Cimini, G.B., Frugoni, F., Monna, S., and Montuori, C., 2016, The role of continental margins in the final stages of arc formation: Constraints from teleseismic tomography of the Gibraltar and Calabrian Arc (Western Mediterranean): Tectonophysics, v. 677-678, p. 135–152.
  • Avdeev, B., and Niemi, N.A., 2011, Rapid Pliocene exhumation of the central Greater Caucasus constrained by low-temperature thermochronometry: Tectonics, v. 30, doi: 10.1029/2010TC002808.
  • Ayala, R.C., Bayona, G., Cardona, A., Ojeda, C., Montenegro, O.C., Montes, C., Valencia, V., and Jaramillo, C., 2012, The paleogene synorogenic succession in the northwestern Maracaibo block: Tracking intraplate uplifts and changes in sediment delivery systems: Journal of South American Earth Sciences, v. 39, p. 93–111.
  • Babazadeh, S.A., and De Wever, P., 2004, Early Cretaceous radiolarian assemblages from radiolarites in the Sistan Suture (eastern Iran): Geodiversitas, v. 26, p. 185–206.
  • Bache, F., Mortimer, N., Sutherland, R., Collot, J., Rouillard, P., Stagpoole, V., and Nicol, A., 2013, Seismic stratigraphic record of transition from Mesozoic subduction to continental breakup in the Zealandia sector of eastern Gondwana: Gondwana Research, v. 26, 1060-1078.
  • Bailey, W.R., Holdsworth, R.E., and Swarbrick, R.E., 2000, Kinematic history of a reactivated oceanic suture: the Mammonia Complex Suture Zone, SW Cyprus: Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 157, p. 1107–1126.
  • Barboza-Gudiño, J.R., Orozco-Esquivel, M.T., Gómez-Anguiano, M., and Zavala-Monsiváis, A., 2008, The Early Mesozoic volcanic arc of western North America in northeastern Mexico: Journal of South American Earth Sciences, v. 25, p. 49–63.
  • Barnett-Moore, N., Hosseinpour, M., and Maus, S., 2016, Assessing discrepancies between previous plate kinematic models of Mesozoic Iberia and their constraints: Tectonics, v. 35, p. 1843-1862.
  • Baxter, A.T., Aitchison, J.C., Ali, J.R., and Zyabrev, S., 2010, Early cretaceous radiolarians from the spongtang massif, Ladakh, NW India: Implications for Neo-Tethyan evolution: Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 167, p. 511–517.
  • Bertrand, G., and Rangin, C., 2003, Tectonics of the western margin of the Shan plateau (central Myanmar): implication for the India–Indochina oblique convergence since the Oligocene: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, v. 21, p. 1139–1157.
  • Bezada, M.J., Humphreys, E.D., Toomey, D.R., Harnafi, M., Davila, J.M., and Gallart, J., 2013, Evidence for slab rollback in westernmost Mediterranean from improved upper mantle imaging: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 368, p. 51–60.
  • Bezada, M.J., Levander, A., and Schmandt, B., 2010, Subduction in the southern Caribbean: Images from finite-frequency P wave tomography: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 115, B12333–19, doi: 10.1029/2010JB007682.
  • Bijwaard, H., Spakman, W., and Engdahl, E.R., 1998, Closing the gap between regional and global travel time tomography: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 103, p. 30055–30078.
  • Biryol, C.B., Beck, S.L., Zandt, G., and Özacar, A.A., 2011, Segmented African lithosphere beneath the Anatolian region inferred from teleseismic P-wave tomography: Geophysical Journal International, v. 184, p. 1037–1057.
  • Blanco, M.J., and Spakman, W., 1993, The P-wave velocity structure of the mantle below the Iberian Peninsula: evidence for subducted lithosphere below southern Spain: Tectonophysics, v. 221, p. 13–34, doi: 10.1016/0040-1951(93)90025-F.
  • Boekhout, F., Spikings, R., Sempere, T., Chiaradia, M., Ulianov, A., and Schaltegger, U., 2012, Mesozoic arc magmatism along the southern Peruvian margin during Gondwana breakup and dispersal: Lithos, v. 146-147, p. 48–64.
  • Bogdanov, N.A., Vishnevskaya, V.S., Kepezhinskas, P.K., Sukhov, A.N., and Fedorchuk, A.V., 1987, Geology of the Southern Koryak Plateau [in Russian]: Nauka, Moscow.
  • Borneman, N.L., Hodges, K.V., Soest, M.C., Bohon, W., Wartho, J.-A., Cronk, S.S., and Ahmad, T., 2015. Age and structure of the Shyok suture in the Ladakh region of northwestern India: Implications for slip on the Karakoram fault system. Tectonics 34, 2011–2033.
  • Boschman, L.M., and van Hinsbergen, D.J., 2016, On the enigmatic birth of the Pacific plate within the Panthalassa Ocean: Science Advances, v. 2, p. e1600022.
  • Boschman, L.M., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Torsvik, T.H., Spakman, W., and Pindell, J., 2014, Kinematic reconstruction of the Caribbean region since the Early Jurassic: Earth-Science Reviews, 138, p. 102-136.
  • Bourgeois, O., Cobbold, P.R., Rouby, D., Thomas, J.-C., and Shein, V., 1997, Least squares restoration of Tertiary thrust sheets in map view, Tajik depression, central Asia: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 102, p. 27553–27573.
  • Bröcker, M., Rad, G.F., Burgess, R., Theunissen, S., Paderin, I., Rodionov, N., and Salimi, Z., 2013, New age constraints for the geodynamic evolution of the Sistan Suture Zone, eastern Iran: Lithos, v. 170-171, p. 17–34.
  • Brunet, C., Monié, P., Jolivet, L., and Cadet, J.P., 2000a, Migration of compression and extension in the Tyrrhenian Sea, insights from 40Ar/39Ar ages on micas along a transect from Corsica to Tuscany: Tectonophysics, v. 321, p. 127–155.
  • Brunet, M.F., Spakman, W., Ershov, A.V., and Nikishin, A.M., 2000b, Information given by the tomography on the geodynamics of the Caucasus–Caspian area: European geophysical society annual meeting 2000, p. 25-29.
  • Buchs, D.M., Arculus, R.J., Baumgartner, P.O., Baumgartner-Mora, C., and Ulianov, A., 2010, Late Cretaceous arc development on the SW margin of the Caribbean Plate: Insights from the Golfito, Costa Rica, and Azuero, Panama, complexes: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, v. 11, doi: 10.1029/2009GC002901.
  • Bunge, H.P.,  Grand, S.P., 2000. Mesozoic plate-motion history below the northeast Pacific Ocean from seismic images of the subducted Farallon slab: Nature 405, 337–340.
  • Burke, K., 1988, Tectonic evolution of the Caribbean: Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, v. 16, p. 201–230.
  • Burtman, V.S., and Molnar, P., 1993, Geological and geophysical evidence for deep subduction of continental crust beneath the Pamir: Geological Society of America Special Paper, v. 281, p. 76p.
  • Camp, V.E., and Griffis, R.J., 1982, Character, genesis and tectonic setting of igneous rocks in the Sistan suture zone, eastern Iran: Lithos, v. 15, p. 221–239.
  • Carminati, E., Wortel, M., Spakman, W., and Sabadini, R., 1998a, The role of slab detachment processes in the opening of the western–central Mediterranean basins: some geological and geophysical evidence: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 160, p. 651–665.
  • Carminati, E., Wortel, M.J.R., Meijer, P.T., and Sabadini, R., 1998b, The two-stage opening of the western-central Mediterranean basins: a forward modeling test to a new evolutionary model: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 160, p. 667–679.
  • Cawood, P.A., and Buchan, C., 2007, Linking accretionary orogenesis with supercontinent assembly: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 82, p. 217–256.
  • Centeno-Garcia, E., Busby, C., Busby, M., and Gehrels, G., 2011, Evolution of the Guerrero composite terrane along the Mexican margin, from extensional fringing arc to contractional continental arc: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 123, p. 1776–1797.
  • Chang, S.-J., van der Lee, S., Flanagan, M.P., Bedle, H., Marone, F., Matzel, E.M., Pasyanos, M.E., Rodgers, A.J., Romanowicz, B., and Schmid, C., 2010, Joint inversion for three-dimensional S velocity mantle structure along the Tethyan margin: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 115, B08309–doi:10.1029–2009JB007204.
  • Chekhovich, V.D., Sukhov, A.N., Sheremet, O.G., and Kononov, M.V., 2012, Cenozoic geodynamics of the Bering Sea region: Geotectonics, v. 46, p. 212–231,.
  • Chen, Y., Zhu, D.-C., Zhao, Z.-D., Meng, F.-Y., Wang, Q., Santosh, M., Wang, L.-Q., Dong, G.-C., and Mo, X.-X., 2014, Slab breakoff triggered ca. 113Ma magmatism around Xainza area of the Lhasa Terrane, Tibet: Gondwana Research, v. 26, p. 449–463.
  • Chen, C., Zhao, D., Tian, Y., Wu, S., Hasegawa, A., Lei, J., Park, J.H. and Kang, I.B., 2017. Mantle transition zone, stagnant slab and intraplate volcanism in Northeast Asia. Geophysical Journal International 209, 68-85.
  • Chertova, M.V., Spakman, W., van den Berg, A.P., Geenen, T., and van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., 2014, Underpinning tectonic reconstructions of the western Mediterranean region through dynamic slab evolution from 3D numerical modeling: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 119, p. 5876–5902.
  • Cízková, H., van den Berg, A.P., Spakman, W.,  Matyska, C., 2012. The viscosity of Earth’s lower mantle inferred from sinking speed of subducted lithosphere. Physics of The Earth and Planetary Interiors 200-201, 56–62.
  • Chu, R., Schmandt, B., and Helmberger, D.V., 2012, Juan de Fuca subduction zone from a mixture of tomography and waveform modeling: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 117, doi: 10.1029/2012JB009146.
  • Chung, S.L., Wang, S.L., Shinjo, R., Lee, C.S., and Chen, C.H., 2000, Initiation of arc magmatism in an embryonic continental rifting zone of the southernmost part of Okinawa Trough: Terra Nova, v. 12, p. 225–230.
  • Cloos, M., 2005, Collisional Delamination in New Guinea: Geological Society of America Special Papers, v. 400, 51 p.
  • Cluzel, D., Jourdan, F., Meffre, S., Maurizot, P., and Lesimple, S., 2012, The metamorphic sole of New Caledonia ophiolite: 40Ar/ 39Ar, U-Pb, and geochemical evidence for subduction inception at a spreading ridge: Tectonics, v. 31, doi: 10.1029/2011TC003085.
  • Cluzel, D., Meffre, S., Maurizot, P., and Crawford, A.J., 2006, Earliest Eocene (53 Ma) convergence in the Southwest Pacific: evidence from pre-obduction dikes in the ophiolite of New Caledonia: Terra Nova, v. 18, p. 395–402.
  • Cocks, L.R.M., and Torsvik, T.H., 2007, Siberia, the wandering northern terrane, and its changing geography through the Palaeozoic: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 82, p. 27–74.
  • Cocks, L.R.M., and Torsvik, T.H., 2011, The Palaeozoic geography of Laurentia and western Laurussia: A stable craton with mobile margins: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 106, p. 1–51.
  • Cogné, J.P., Kravchinsky, V.A., Halim, N., and Hankard, F., 2005, Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous closure of the Mongol Okhotsk Ocean demonstrated by new Mesozoic palaeomagnetic results from the Trans-Baikal area (SE Siberia): Geophysical Journal International, v. 163, p. 813–832.
  • Corfield, R.I., Searle, M.P., and Pederson, R.B., 2001, Tectonic Setting, Origin, and Obduction History of the Spontang Ophiolite, Ladakh Himalaya, NW India: Journal of Geology, v. 109, p. 715–736.
  • Coulon, C., Fourcade, S., Maury, R.C., Bellon, H., Louni-Hacini, A., Cotten, J., Coutelle, A., and Hermitte, D., 2002, Post-collisional transition from calc-alkaline to alkaline volcanism during the Neogene in Oranie (Algeria): magmatic expression of a slab breakoff: Lithos, v. 62, no. 3, p. 87–110.
  • Cowgill, E., 2010, Cenozoic right-slip faulting along the eastern margin of the Pamir salient, northwestern China: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 122, no. 1-2, p. 145–161, doi: 10.1130/B26520.1.
  • Cowgill, E., Yin, A., Harrison, T.M., and Wang, X.F., 2003, Reconstruction of the Altyn Tagh fault based on U-Pb geochronology: Role of back thrusts, mantle sutures, and heterogeneous crustal strength in forming the Tibetan Plateau: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 108, no. B7, p. 2346–doi:10.1029–2002JB002080, doi: 10.1029/2002JB002080.
  • Cowgill, E., Forte, A.M., Niemi, N.A., Avdeev, B., Tye, A., Trexler, C., Javakhishvili, Z., Elashvili, M., Godoladze, T., 2016. Relict basin closure and crustal shortening budgets during continental collision: An example from Caucasus sediment provenance. Tectonics, 35, 2918-2947.
  • Creager, J.S., and Scholl, D.W., 1973, Initial reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project: Printing Office, Washington, DC.
  • Csontos, L., and Voros, A., 2004, Mesozoic plate tectonic reconstruction of the Carpathian region: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 210, p. 1–56.
  • Çelik, Ö.F., Delaloyle, M.F., and Feraud, G., 2006, Precise 40 Ar– 39 Ar ages from the metamorphic sole rocks of the Tauride Belt Ophiolites, southern Turkey: implications for the rapid cooling history: Geological Magazine, v. 143, p. 213–227.
  • Dalziel, I.W.D., Lawver, L.A., Norton, I.O., and Gahagan, L.M., 2013, The Scotia Arc: Genesis, Evolution, Global Significance: Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, v. 41, p. 767–793.
  • de Boorder, H., Spakman, W., White, S.H., and Wortel, M., 1998, Late Cenozoic mineralization, orogenic collapse and slab detachment in the European Alpine Belt: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 164, p. 569–575.
  • De Jonge, M.R., Wortel, M., and Spakman, W., 1994, Regional scale tectonic evolution and the seismic velocity structure of the lithosphere and upper mantle: the Mediterranean region: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 99, p. 12091–12108.
  • DeCelles, P.G., Ducea, M.N., Kapp, P., and Zandt, G., 2009, Cyclicity in Cordilleran orogenic systems: Nature Geoscience, v. 2, p. 251–257.
  • Delavari, M., Amini, S., Schmitt, A.K., McKeegan, K.D., and Harrison, T.M., 2014, U–Pb geochronology and geochemistry of Bibi-Maryam pluton, eastern Iran: Implication for the late stage of the tectonic evolution of the Sistan Ocean: Lithos, v. 200-201, p. 197–211.
  • Demouy, S., Paquette, J.L., de Saint Blanquat, M., Benoit, M., Belousova, E.A., O’Reilly, S.Y., García, F., Tejada, L.C., Gallegos, R., and Sempere, T., 2012, Spatial and temporal evolution of Liassic to Paleocene arc activity in southern Peru unraveled by zircon U–Pb and Hf in-situ data on plutonic rocks: Lithos, v. 155, p. 183–200.
  • Dewey, J.F., and Casey, J.F., 2011, The origin of obducted large-slab ophiolite complexes, in Brown, D. and Ryan, P.D. eds., Arc-continent collision. Frontiers in Earth Sciences, p. 431–444.
  • Dickinson, W.R., 2006, Geotectonic evolution of the Great Basin: Geosphere, v. 2, p. 353–17.
  • Dickinson, W.R., and Lawton, T.F., 2001, Carboniferous to Cretaceous assembly and fragmentation of Mexico: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 113, p. 1142–1160.
  • Dilek, Y., and Furnes, H., 2009, Structure and geochemistry of Tethyan ophiolites and their petrogenesis in subduction rollback systems: Lithos, v. 113, p. 1–20.
  • Dimo-Lahitte, A., Monié, P., and Vergély, P., 2001, Metamorphic soles from the Albanian ophiolites: Petrology, 40Ar/39Ar geochronology, and geodynamic evolution: Tectonics, v. 20, p. 78–96.
  • Domeier, M., Doubrovine, P.V., Torsvik, T.H., Spakman, W., and Bull A., 2016, Global correlation of lower mantle structure and past subduction: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 43, p. 4945-4953.
  • Donskaya, T.V., Gladkochub, D.P., Mazukabzov, A.M., and Ivanov, A.V., 2013, Late Paleozoic – Mesozoic subduction-related magmatism at the southern margin of the Siberian continent and the 150 million-year history of the Mongol-Okhotsk Ocean: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, v. 62, p. 79–97.
  • Doubrovine, P. V., B. Steinberger, T. H. Torsvik, 2012. Absolute plate motions in a reference frame defined by moving hot spots in the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans, Journal of  Geophysical Research 117-B09101, doi:10.1029/2011JB009072.
  • Dziewonski, A.M., 1984. Mapping the lower mantle: Determination of lateral heterogeneity in P velocity up to degree and order 6. Journal of Geophysical Research 89-B7, 5929-5952.
  • Eagles, G., 2005, Tectonic evolution of the west Scotia Sea: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 110, B02401–19, doi: 10.1029/2004JB003154.
  • Eagles, G., 2010. The age and origin of the central Scotia Sea. Geophysical Journal International 183, 587–600.
  • Eagles, G., and Jokat, W., 2014. Tectonic reconstructions for paleobathymetry in Drake Passage. Tectonophysics 611, 28–50.
  • Eagles, G., Livermore, R., and MORRIS, P., 2006, Small basins in the Scotia Sea: The Eocene Drake Passage gateway: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 242, p. 343–353.
  • Elliot, D.H., and Fanning, C.M., 2008, Detrital zircons from upper Permian and lower Triassic Victoria Group sandstones, Shackleton Glacier region, Antarctica: Evidence for multiple sources along the Gondwana plate margin: Gondwana Research, v. 13, p. 259–274.
  • Engebretson, D.C., Cox, A., and Gordon, R.G., 1985, Relative motions between oceanic and continental plates in the Pacific Basin: Geological Society of America Special Paper, v. 206. 59p..
  • Faccenna, C., Becker, T.W., Auer, L., and Billi, A., 2014, Mantle dynamics in the Mediterranean: Reviews of Geophysics, v. 52, p. 283-332.
  • Faccenna, C., Becker, T.W., Pio Lucente, F., Jolivet, L., and Rossetti, F., 2001, History of subduction and back-arc extension in the Central Mediterranean: Geophysical Journal International, v. 145, p. 809–820.
  • Faccenna, C., Bellier, O., Martinod, J., Piromallo, C., and Regard, V., 2006, Slab detachment beneath eastern Anatolia: A possible cause for the formation of the North Anatolian fault: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 242, p. 85–97.
  • Faccenna, C., Jolivet, L., Piromallo, C., and Morelli, A., 2003, Subduction and the depth of convection in the Mediterranean mantle: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 108, 2099, doi:10.1029–2001JB001690.
  • Faccenna, C., Piromallo, C., Crespo-Blanc, A., Jolivet, L., and Rossetti, F., 2004, Lateral slab deformation and the origin of the western Mediterranean arcs: Tectonics, v. 23, doi: 10.1029/2002TC001488.
  • Faccenna, C., Oncken, O., Holt, A.F. and Becker, T.W., 2017. Initiation of the Andean orogeny by lower mantle subduction. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 463, 189-201.
  • Fan, J.-J., LI, C., Liu, Y.-M., and Xu, J.-X., 2015, Age and nature of the late Early Cretaceous Zhaga Formation, northern Tibet: constraints on when the Bangong–Nujiang Neo-Tethys Ocean closed: International Geology Review, v. 57, p. 342–353.
  • Fildani, A., and Hessler, A.M., 2005, Stratigraphic record across a retroarc basin inversion: Rocas Verdes–Magallanes Basin, Patagonian Andes, Chile: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 117, p. 1596–20.
  • Forte, A.M., Cowgill, E., and Whipple, K.X., 2014, Transition from a singly vergent to doubly vergent wedge in a young orogen: The Greater Caucasus: Tectonics, v. 33, p. 2077-2101.
  • Forte, A.M., Cowgill, E., Bernardin, T., Kreylos, O., and Hamann, B., 2010, Late Cenozoic deformation of the Kura fold-thrust belt, southern Greater Caucasus: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 122, p. 465–486.
  • Fotoohi Rad, G.R., Droop, G.T.R., Amini, S., and Moazzen, M., 2005, Eclogites and blueschists of the Sistan Suture Zone, eastern Iran: A comparison of P–T histories from a subduction mélange: Lithos, v. 84, p. 1–24.
  • Fotoohi Rad, G.R., Droop, G.T.R., and Burgess, R., 2009, Early Cretaceous exhumation of high-pressure metamorphic rocks of the Sistan Suture Zone, eastern Iran: Geological Journal, v. 44, p. 104–116.
  • French, S.W., and Romanowicz, B.A., 2014, Whole-mantle radially anisotropic shear velocity structure from spectral-element waveform tomography: Geophysical Journal International, v. 199, p. 1303–1327.
  • Fritzell, E.H., Bull, A.L., and Shephard, G.E., 2016, Closure of the Mongol–Okhotsk Ocean: Insights from seismic tomography and numerical modelling: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 445, p. 1–12.
  • Fukao, Y., Obayashi, M., Inoue, H., and Nenbai, M., 1992, Subducting slabs stagnant in the mantle transition zone: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, p. 4809–4822.
  • Fukao, Y., and Obayashi, M., 2013, Subducted slabs stagnant above, penetrating through, and trapped below the 660 km discontinuity: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, v. 118, p. 5920–5938.
  • Fukao, Y., Widiyantoro, S., and Obayashi, M., 2001, Stagnant Slabs in the Upper and Lower Mantle Transition Region: Reviews of Geophysics, v. 39, p. 291–323.
  • Gaina, C., and Müller, D., 2007, Cenozoic tectonic and depth/age evolution of the Indonesian gateway and associated back-arc basins: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 83, p. 177–203.
  • Gaina, C., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., and Spakman, W., 2015, Tectonic interactions between India and Arabia since the Jurassic reconstructed from marine geophysics, ophiolite geology, and seismic tomography: Tectonics, v. 34, doi:10.1002/2014TC003780.
  • García-Casco, A., Iturralde-Vinent, M.A., and Pindell, J., 2008, Latest Cretaceous Collision/Accretion between the Caribbean Plate and Caribeana: Origin of Metamorphic Terranes in the Greater Antilles: International Geology Review, v. 50, p. 781–809.
  • García-Casco, A., Torres-Roldan, R., Iturralde-Vinent, M.A., Trujillo, G.M., Cambra, K.E.N., Lázaro, C., and Vega, A.R., 2006, High pressure metamorphism of ophiolites in Cuba: Geologica Acta, v. 4, p. 63-88.
  • Garcia-Castellanos, D., and Villasenor, A., 2011, Messinian salinity crisis regulated by competing tectonics and erosion at the Gibraltar arc: Nature 480, 359–363.
  • Garzanti, E., and Hu, X., 2015, Latest Cretaceous Himalayan Tectonics: Obduction, Collison Or Deccan-Related Uplift?: Gondwana Research, v. 28, v. 165-178.
  • Gągała, Ł., Vergés, J., Saura, E., Malata, T., Ringenbach, J.-C., Werner, P., and Krzywiec, P., 2012, Architecture and orogenic evolution of the northeastern Outer Carpathians from cross-section balancing and forward modeling: Tectonophysics, v. 532-535, p. 223–241.
  • Geist, E.L., Vallier, T.L., and Scholl, D.W., 1994, Origin, transport, and emplacement of an exotic island-arc terrane exposed in eastern Kamchatka, Russia: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 106, p. 1182–1194.
  • Ghiglione, M.C., Yagupsky, D., Ghidella, M., and Ramos, V.A., 2008, Continental stretching preceding the opening of the Drake Passage: Evidence from Tierra del Fuego: Geology, v. 36, p. 643–645.
  • Ghose, N.C., Agrawal, O.P., and Chatterjee, N., 2010, Geological and mineralogical study of eclogite and glaucophane schists in the Naga Hills Ophiolite, Northeast India: Island Arc, v. 19, p. 336–356.
  • Giacosa, R.E., and Heredia, N., C., 2004, Structure of the North Patagonian thick-skinned fold-and-thrust belt, southern central Andes, Argentina (41°–42°S): Journal of South American Earth Sciences, v. 18, p. 61–72.
  • Gnos, E., Immenhauser, A., and Peters, T., 1997, Late Cretaceous/early Tertiary convergence between the Indian and Arabian plates recorded in ophiolites and related sediments: Tectonophysics, v. 271, p. 1–19.
  • Gnos, E., Khan, M., Mahmood, K., Khan, A.S., Shafique, N.A., and Villa, I.M., 1998, Bela oceanic lithosphere assemblage and its relation to the Réunion hotspot: Terra Nova, v. 10, p. 90–95.
  • Goes, S., Agrusta, R., van Hunen, J., Garel, F., 2017. Subduction-transition zone interaction: A review. Geosphere 13, 2-21.
  • Golonka, J., Bocharova, N.Y., Ford, D., and Edrich, M.E., 2003, Paleogeographic reconstructions and basins development of the Arctic: Marine and Petroleum Geology, v. 20, p. 211-248.
  • Gong, Z., Langereis, C.G., and Mullender, T.A.T., 2008, The rotation of Iberia during the Aptian and the opening of the Bay of Biscay: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 273, p. 80–93.
  • Gorbatov, A., and Kennett, B.L.N., 2003, Joint bulk-sound and shear tomography for Western Pacific subduction zones: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 210, p. 527–543.
  • Gorbatov, A., Widiyantoro, S., Fukao, Y., and Gordeev, E., 2000, Signature of remnant slabs in the North Pacific from P‐wave tomography: Geophysical Journal International, v. 142, p. 27–36.
  • Govers, R., and Wortel, M.J.R., 2005, Lithosphere tearing at STEP faults: Response to edges of subduction zones: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 236, p. 505–523.
  • Grand, S., van der Hilst, R.D., and Widiyantoro, S., 1997, Global seismic tomography: a snapshot of convection in the earth: GSA Today, v. 7, p. 1–7.
  • Gurnis, M., Moresi, L., and Dietmar Müller, R., 2000, Models of mantle convection incorporating plate tectonics: The Australian region since the Cretaceous, in The History and Dynamics of Global Plate Motions, Geophysical Monograph Series, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C., p. 211–238.
  • Gutiérrez-Alonso, G., Fernandez-Suarez, J., Weil, A.B., Brendan Murphy, J., Damian Nance, R., Corfu, F., and Johnston, S.T., 2008, Self-subduction of the Pangaean global plate: Nature Geoscience, v. 1, p. 549–553.
  • Gutscher, M.A., Malod, J., Rehault, J.P., Contrucci, I., Klingelhoefer, F., Mendes-Victor, L., and Spakman, W., 2002, Evidence for active subduction beneath Gibraltar: Geology, v. 30, p. 1071–1074.
  • Hacker, B.R., 1994, Rapid Emplacement of Young Oceanic Lithosphere: Argon Geochronology of the Oman Ophiolite: Science, v. 265, p. 1563–1565.
  • Hacker, B.R., 1990, Simulation of the metamorphic and deformational history of the metamorphic sole of the Oman ophiolite: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 95, p. 4895–4907.
  • Hacker, B.R., Mosenfelder, J.L., and Gnos, E., 1996, Rapid emplacement of the Oman ophiolite: Thermal and geochronologic constraints: Tectonics, v. 15, p. 1230–1247.
  • Hadlari,T., Midwinter, D., Poulton, T.P., Matthews, A., 2017. A Pangean rim of fire: Reviewing the Triassic of western Laurentia. Lithosphere, L643-1.
  • Hafkenscheid, E., Buiter, S.J.H., Wortel, M.J.R., Spakman, W., and Bijwaard, H., 2001, Modelling the seismic velocity structure beneath Indonesia: a comparison with tomography: Tectonophysics, v. 333, p. 35–46.
  • Hafkenscheid, E., Wortel, M.J.R., and Spakman, W., 2006, Subduction history of the Tethyan region derived from seismic tomography and tectonic reconstructions: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 111, B08401–doi: 10.1029–2005JB003791.
  • Hall, C.M., Kesler, S.E., Russell, N., Piñero, E., Sánchez, R., Pérez, M., Moreira, J., and Borges, M., 2004, Age and tectonic setting of the Camaguey volcanic-intrusice arc, Cuba: Cretaceous extension and uplift of the Greater Antilles: Journal of Geology, v. 112, p. 521–542.
  • Hall, R., 2002, Cenozoic geological and plate tectonic evolution of SE Asia and the SW Pacific: computer-based reconstructions, model and animations: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, v. 20, p. 353–431.
  • Hall, R., 2012, Late Jurassic–Cenozoic reconstructions of the Indonesian region and the Indian Ocean: Tectonophysics, v. 570-571, p. 1–41.
  • Hall, R., and Spakman, W., 2004, Mantle structure and tectonic evolution of the region north and east of Australia: Geological Society of Australia Special Publication, v. 22, p. 361–381.
  • Hall, R., and Spakman, W., 2002, Subducted slabs beneath the eastern Indonesia-Tonga region: insights from tomography: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 201, p. 321–336.
  • Hall, R., and Spakman, W., 2015, Mantle structure and tectonic history of SE Asia, Tectonophysics, v. 658, p. 14-45.
  • Hall, R., van Hattum, M.W.A., and Spakman, W., 2008, Impact of India–Asia collision on SE Asia: The record in Borneo: Tectonophysics, v. 451, p. 366–389.
  • Handy, M.R., Schmid, S.M., Bousquet, R., Kissling, E., and Bernoulli, D., 2010, Reconciling plate-tectonic reconstructions of Alpine Tethys with the geological–geophysical record of spreading and subduction in the Alps: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 102, p. 121–158.
  • Handy, M.R., Ustaszewski, K., and Kissling, E., 2014, Reconstructing the Alps–Carpathians–Dinarides as a key to understanding switches in subduction polarity, slab gaps and surface motion: International Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 104, p. 1–26.
  • He, Y., and Wen, L., 2009, Structural features and shear-velocity structure of the “Pacific Anomaly”: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 114, B02309–17, doi: 10.1029/2008JB005814.
  • Hébert, R., Bezard, R., Guilmette, C., Dostal, J., Wang, C., and Liu, Z.F., 2012, The Indus–Yarlung Zangbo ophiolites from Nanga Parbat to Namche Barwa syntaxes, southern Tibet: First synthesis of petrology, geochemistry, and geochronology with incidences on geodynamic reconstructions of Neo-Tethys: Gondwana Research, v. 22, p. 377–397.
  • Hoisch, T.D., Wells, M.L., Beyene, M.A., Styger, S., and Vervoort, J.D., 2014, Jurassic Barrovian metamorphism in a western U.S. Cordilleran metamorphic core complex, Funeral Mountains, California: Geology, v. 42, p. 399–402.
  • Holm, R.J., Spandler, C., and Richards, S.W., 2013, Melanesian arc far-field response to collision of the Ontong Java Plateau: Geochronology and petrogenesis of the Simuku Igneous Complex, New Britain, Papua New Guinea: Tectonophysics, v. 603, p. 189–212.
  • Homke, S., Verges, J., Serra-Kiel, J., Bernaola, G., Sharp, I.R., Garcés, M., Monetro-Verdu, I., Karpuz, R., and H, G.M., 2009, Late Cretaceous–Paleocene formation of the proto-Zagros foreland basin, Lurestan Province, SW Iran: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 121, p. 963–978.
  • Honda, S., 2016. Slab stagnation and detachment under northeast China. Tectonophysics v. 671,p. 127-138.
  • Horvath, F., Bada, G., Szafian, P., Tari, G., Adam, A., and Cloetingh, S., 2006, Formation and deformation of the Pannonian Basin: constraints from observational data: Geological Society, London, Memoirs, v. 32, p. 191–206.
  • Hourigan, J.K., Brandon, M.T., Soloviev, A.V., Kirmasov, A.B., Garver, J.I., Stevenson, J., and Reiners, P.W., 2009, Eocene arc-continent collision and crustal consolidation in Kamchatka, Russian Far East: American Journal of Science, v. 309, p. 333–396.
  • Huang, H.-H., Wu, Y.-M., Song, X., Chang, C.-H., Lee, S.-J., Chang, T.-M., and Hsieh, H.-H., 2014, Joint Vp and Vs tomography of Taiwan: Implications for subduction-collision orogeny: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 392, p. 177–191.
  • Huang, J., and Zhao, D., 2006, High-resolution mantle tomography of China and surrounding regions: v. 111, B09305–doi:10.1029–2005JB004066.
  • Huang, W., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Maffione, M., Orme, D.A., Dupont-Nivet, G., Guilmette, C., Ding, L., Guo, Z., and Kapp, P., 2015, Lower Cretaceous Xigaze ophiolites formed in the Gangdese forearc: Evidence from paleomagnetism, sediment provenance, and stratigraphy: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 415, p. 142–153.
  • Hutko, A.R., Lay, T., Garnero, E.J., and Revenaugh, J., 2006, Seismic detection of folded subducted lithosphere at the core-mantle boundary: Nature, v. 441, p. 333–336.
  • Hüsing, S.K., Zachariasse, W.J., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Krijgsman, W., Inceoz, M., Harzhauser, M., Mandic, O., and Kroh, A., 2009, Oligocene-Miocene basin evolution in SE Anatolia, Turkey: constraints on the closure of the eastern Tethys gateway: Geological Society, London, Special Publications, v. 311, p. 107–132.
  • Ishizuka, O., Tani, K., Reagan, M.K., Kanayama, K., Umino, S., Harigane, Y., Sakamoto, I., Miyajima, Y., Yuasa, M., and Dunkley, D.J., 2011, The timescales of subduction initiation and subsequent evolution of an oceanic island arc: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 306, p. 229–240.
  • Isozaki, Y., Aoki, K., Nakama, T., and Yanai, S., 2010, New insight into a subduction-related orogen: A reappraisal of the geotectonic framework and evolution of the Japanese Islands: Gondwana Research, v. 18, p. 82–105.
  • Iturralde-Vinent, M.A., Díaz-Otero, C., García-Casco, A., and van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., 2008, Paleogene foreland basin deposits of North-Central Cuba: A record of arc-continent collision between the Caribbean and North American plates: International Geology Review, v. 50, p. 863–884.
  • Jackson, J., Priestley, K., Allen, M.B., and Berberian, M., 2002, Active tectonics of the South Caspian Basin: Geophysical Journal International, v. 148, p. 214–245.
  • Jagoutz, O., Royden, L., Holt, A.F., and Becker, T.W., 2015. Anomalously fast convergence of India and Eurasia caused by double subduction. Nature Geoscience 8, 475–478.
  • Jahn-Awe, S., Froitzheim, N., Nagel, T.J., Frei, D., Georgiev, N., and Pleuger, J., 2010, Structural and geochronological evidence for Paleogene thrusting in the Western Rhodopes (SW Bulgaria): Elements for a new tectonic model of the Rhodope Metamorphic Province: Tectonics, v. 29, TC3008–doi:10.1029–2009TC002558.
  • Jaxybulatov, K., Koulakov, I., and Dobretsov, N.L., 2013, Segmentation of the Izu-Bonin and Mariana slabs based on the analysis of the Benioff seismicity distribution and regional tomography results: Solid Earth, v. 4, p. 59–73.
  • Ji, W.-Q., Wu, F.-Y., Chung, S.-L., Li, J.-X., and Liu, C.-Z., 2009, Chemical Geology: Chemical Geology, v. 262, p. 229–245.
  • Jiang, G., Zhao, D., and Zhang, G., 2009, Seismic tomography of the Pacific slab edge under Kamchatka: Tectonophysics, v. 465, p. 190–203.
  • Jicha, B.R., Scholl, D.W., Singer, B.S., Yogodzinski, G.M., and Kay, S.M., 2006, Revised age of Aleutian Island Arc formation implies high rate of magma production: Geology, v. 34, p. 661-664.
  • Johnston, S.T., and Borel, G.D., 2007, The odyssey of the Cache Creek terrane, Canadian Cordillera: Implications for accretionary orogens, tectonic setting of Panthalassa, the Pacific superwell, and break-up of Pangea: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 253, p. 415–428.
  • Jolivet, L., and Brun, J.-P., 2010, Cenozoic geodynamic evolution of the Aegean: International Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 99, p. 109–138.
  • Jolivet, L., Faccenna, C., and Piromallo, C., 2009, From mantle to crust: Stretching the Mediterranean: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 285, p. 198–209.
  • Jones, R.E., De Hoog, J.C.M., Kirstein, L.A., Kasemann, S.A., Hinton, R., Elliott, T., Litvak, V.D., EIMF, 2014, Temporal variations in the influence of the subducting slab on Central Andean arc magmas: Evidence from boron isotope systematics: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 408, p. 390–401.
  • Jourdan, S., Bernet, M., Tricart, P., Hardwick, E., Paquette, J.L., Guillot, S., Dumont, T., and Schwartz, S., 2013, Short-lived, fast erosional exhumation of the internal western Alps during the late early Oligocene: Constraints from geothermochronology of pro-and retro-side foreland basin sediments: Lithosphere, v. 5, p. 211–225.
  • Kakar, M.I., Collins, A.S., Mahmood, K., Foden, J.D., and Khan, M., 2012, U-Pb zircon crystallization age of the Muslim Bagh ophiolite: Enigmatic remains of an extensive pre-Himalayan arc: Geology, v. 40, p. 1099–1102.
  • Kalyoncuoğlu, Ü.Y., Elitok, Ö., Dolmaz, M.N., and Anadolu, N.C., 2011, Geophysical and geological imprints of southern Neotethyan subduction between Cyprus and the Isparta Angle, SW Turkey: Journal of Geodynamics, v. 52, p. 70–82.
  • Kaneshima, S., 2013, Lower mantle seismic scatterers below the subducting Tonga slab: Evidence for slab entrainment of transition zone materials: Physics of The Earth and Planetary Interiors, v. 222, p. 35–46.
  • Kaneshima, S., and Helffrich, G., 2010, Small scale heterogeneity in the mid-lower mantle beneath the circum-Pacific area: Physics of The Earth and Planetary Interiors, v. 183, p. 91–103.
  • Kapp, P., DeCelles, P.G., Gehrels, G.E., Heizler, M., and Ding, L., 2007, Geological records of the Cretaceous Lhasa-Qiangtang and Indo-Asian collisions in the Nima basin area, central Tibet: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 119, p. 917–933.
  • Kapp, P., Murphy, M.A., Yin, A., Harrison, T.M., Ding, L., and Guo, J., 2003, Mesozoic and Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the Shiquanhe area of western Tibet: Tectonics, v. 22, doi: 10.1029/2001TC001332.
  • Karamata, S., 2006, The geological development of the Balkan Peninsula related to the approach, collision and compression of Gondwanan and Eurasian units: Geological Society, London, Special Publications, v. 260, p. 155–178.
  • Karaoğlan, F., Parlak, O., Klötzli, U., Thoni, M., and Koller, F., 2012, U–Pb and Sm–Nd geochronology of the Kızıldağ (Hatay, Turkey) ophiolite: implications for the timing and duration of suprasubduction zone type oceanic crust formation in the southern Neotethys: Geological Magazine, v. 150, p. 283–299.
  • Karaoğlan, F., Parlak, O., Klötzli, U., Thoni, M., and Koller, F., 2014, U–Pb and Sm–Nd geochronology of the ophiolites from the SE Turkey: implications for the Neotethyan evolution: Geodinamica Acta, v. 25, p. 146–161.
  • Kashiwagi, H., 2016. Atmospheric carbon dioxide and climate change since the Late Jurassic (150 Ma) derived from a global carbon cycle model. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 454, 82–90.
  • Kaymakci, N., Inceöz, M., Ertepinar, P., and Koç, A., 2010, Late Cretaceous to Recent kinematics of SE Anatolia (Turkey) (N. Kaymakci, M. Inceöz, P. Ertepinar, & A. Koç, Eds.): Geological Society, London, Special Publications, v. 340, p. 409–435.
  • Kellogg, J.N., and Bonini, W.E., 1982, Subduction of the Caribbean plate and basement uplifts in the overriding South American plate: Tectonics, v. 1, p. 251–276.
  • Keskin, M., 2003, Magma generation by slab steepening and breakoff beneath a subduction-accretion complex: An alternative model for collision-related volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 30, 8046–doi: 10.1029–2003GL018019.
  • Khan, I., and Clyde, W., 2013, Lower Paleogene Tectonostratigraphy of Balochistan: Evidence for Time-Transgressive Late Paleocene-Early Eocene Uplift: Geosciences, v. 3, p. 466–501.
  • King, S.D, Frost, D.J., Rubie, D.C., 2015. Why cold slabs stagnate in the transition zone. Geology v. 43, p. 231-234.
  • Kissling, E., 2008, Deep structure and tectonics of the Valais—and the rest of the Alps: Bulletin Angewandte Geologie, v. 13, p. 3–10.
  • Kissling, E., 1993, Deep structure of the Alps—what do we really know?: Physics of The Earth and Planetary Interiors, v. 79, p. 87–112,
  • Kissling, E., and Spakman, W., 1996, Interpretation of tomographic images of uppermost mantle structure: examples from the Western and Central Alps: Journal of Geodynamics, v. 21, p. 97–111.
  • Kito, T., Rost, S., Thomas, C., and Garnero, E.J., 2007, New insights into the P- and S-wave velocity structure of the D” discontinuity beneath the Cocos plate: Geophysical Journal International, v. 169, p. 631–645.
  • Kito, T., Thomas, C., Rietbrock, A., Garnero, E.J., Nippress, S.E.J., and Heath, A.E., 2008, Seismic evidence for a sharp lithospheric base persisting to the lowermost mantle beneath the Caribbean: Geophysical Journal International, v. 174, p. 1019–1028.
  • Knesel, K.M., Cohen, B.E., Vasconcelos, P.M., and Thiede, D.S., 2008, Rapid change in drift of the Australian plate records collision with Ontong Java plateau: Nature, v. 454, p. 754–757.
  • Ko, J.Y.T., Hung, S.H., Kuo, B.Y. and Zhao, L., 2017. Seismic evidence for the depression of the D″ discontinuity beneath the Caribbean: Implication for slab heating from the Earth’s core. Earth and Planetary Science Letters v. 467, p. 128-137.
  • Koç, A., Kaymakci, N., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., and Vissers, R.L.M., 2016, A Miocene onset of the modern extensional regime in the Isparta Angle: constraints from the Yalvaç Basin (southwest Turkey): International Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 434, p. 75-90.
  • Koglin, N., Kostopoulos, D., and Reischmann, T., 2009, Geochemistry, petrogenesis and tectonic setting of the Samothraki mafic suite, NE Greece: Trace-element, isotopic and zircon age constraints: Tectonophysics, v. 473, p. 53-68.
  • König, M., Jokat, W., 2006. The Mesozoic breakup of the Weddell Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research v. 111, B12102.
  • Konstantinovskaia, E.A., 2001. Arc-continent collision and subduction reversal in the Cenozoic evolution of the Northwest Pacifc: an example from Kamchatka (NE Russia). Tectonophysics v. 333, p. 75–94.
  • Koop, W., and Stoneley, R., 1982, Subsidence history of the Middle East Zagros Basin: Permian to Recent: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London ser. A, v. 305, p. 149–168.
  • Koulakov, I., 2011, High-frequency Pand Svelocity anomalies in the upper mantle beneath Asia from inversion of worldwide traveltime data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 116, B04301, doi: 10.1029/2010JB007938.
  • Koulakov, I., 2013, Studying deep sources of volcanism using multiscale seismic tomography: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 257, p. 205–226.
  • Koulakov, I., Wu, Y.-M., Huang, H.-H., Dobretsov, N., Jakovlev, A., Zabelina, I., Jaxybulatov, K., and Chervov, V., 2014, Slab interactions in the Taiwan region based on the P- and S-velocity distributions in the upper mantle: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, v. 79, p. 53–64.
  • Koulakov, I., Zabelina, I., Amanatashvili, I., and Meskhia, V., 2012, Nature of orogenesis and volcanism in the Caucasus region based on results of regional tomography: Solid Earth, v. 3, p. 327–337.
  • Koulakov, I.Y., Dobretsov, N., Bushenkova, N., and Yakovlev, A.V., 2011, Slab shape in subduction zones beneath the Kurile–Kamchatka and Aleutian arcs based on regional tomography results: Russian Geology and Geophysics, v. 52, p. 650–667.
  • Kovalenko, D.V., 2003, Paleomagnetism of Geological Complexes of Kamchatka and Southern Koryakia. Tectonic and Geophysical Interpretation [in Russian]: Nauchnyi Mir, Moscow.
  • Kufner, S.K., Schurr, B., Sippl, C., Schneider, F., Yuan, X., Ischuk, A., Arib, A., Murodkulov, S., Haberland, C., Mechie, J., Bianchi, M., and Tilmann, F., 2014, Evidence for deeply subducting Asian lithosphere beneath the Pamir-Hindu Kush region from lithospheric imaging: Geophysical Research Abstracts, v. 16, EGU2014–3412–3.
  • Kufner, S.-K., Schurr, B., Sippl, C., Yuan, X., Ratschbacher, L., Akbar, A.S.O.M., Ischuk, A., Murodkulov, S., Schneider, F., Mechie, J., Tilmann, F., 2016. Deep India meets deep Asia: Lithospheric indentation, delamination and break-off under Pamir and Hindu Kush (Central Asia). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 435, 171–184.
  • Lallemand, S., Font, Y., Bijwaard, H., and Kao, H., 2001, New insights on 3-D plates interaction near Taiwan from tomography and tectonic implications: Tectonophysics, v. 335, p. 229–253.
  • Layer, W., Newberry, R., Fujita, K., Parfenov, L., Trunilina, V., Bakharev, A., 2001. Tectonic setting of the plutonic belts of Yakutia, northeast Russia, based on 40A/39Ar geochronology and trace element geochemistry. Geology v. 29, p. 167–170.
  • Lefebvre, C., Meijers, M.J.M., Kaymakci, N., Peynircioğlu, A., Langereis, C.G., and van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., 2013, Reconstructing the geometry of central Anatolia during the late Cretaceous: Large-scale Cenozoic rotations and deformation between the Pontides and Taurides: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 366, p. 83–98.
  • Lekic, V., Cottaar, S., Dziewonski, A., Romanowicz, B., 2012. Cluster analysis of global lower mantle tomography: A new class of structure and implications for chemical heterogeneity. Earth and Planetary Science Letters v. 357–358, p. 68-77.
  • Lei, J., 2012, Upper-mantle tomography and dynamics beneath the North China Craton: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 117, p. B06313–doi:10.1029–2012JB009212.
  • Lei, J., and Zhao, D., 2007, Teleseismic evidence for a break-off subducting slab under Eastern Turkey: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 257, p. 14–28.
  • Levashova, N.M., 1999, Kinematics of Late Cretaceous and Cretaceous–Paleogene Oceanic Island Arcs [in Russian], Author’s Abstract, Candidate Thesis: GIN RAN.
  • Li, C., and van der Hilst, R.D., 2010, Structure of the upper mantle and transition zone beneath Southeast Asia from traveltime tomography: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 115, B07308–doi:10.1029–2009JB006882.
  • Li, C., van der Hilst, R.D., Meltzer, A.S., and Engdahl, E.R., 2008, Subduction of the Indian lithosphere beneath the Tibetan Plateau and Burma: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 274, p. 157–168.
  • Li, J., Zhang, Y., Dong, S., and Johnston, S.T., 2014a, Cretaceous tectonic evolution of South China: A preliminary synthesis: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 134, p. 98–136.
  • Li, S.-M., Zhu, D.-C., Wang, Q., Zhao, Z.-D., Sui, Q.-L., Liu, S.-A., Liu, D., and Mo, X.-X., 2014b, Northward subduction of Bangong–Nujiang Tethys: Insight from Late Jurassic intrusive rocks from Bangong Tso in western Tibet: Lithos, v. 205, p. 284–297.
  • Li, Z., Ding, L., Lippert, P.C., Song, P., Yue, Y., and van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., 2016, Paleomagnetic constraints on the Mesozoic drift of the Lhasa terrane (Tibet) from Gondwana to Eurasia: Geology, v. 44, p. 727-730.
  • Li, Z., Qiu, J.-S., and Yang, X.-M., 2014c, A review of the geochronology and geochemistry of Late Yanshanian (Cretaceous) plutons along the Fujian coastal area of southeastern China: Implications for magma evolution related to slab break-off and rollback in the Cretaceous: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 128, p. 232–248.
  • Li, Z.-X., and Li, X.-H., 2007, Formation of the 1300-km-wide intracontinental orogen and postorogenic magmatic province in Mesozoic South China: A flat-slab subduction model: Geology, v. 35, p. 179–182.
  • Li, Z.-X., Li, X.-H., Chung, S.-L., Lo, C.-H., Xu, X., and Li, W.-X., 2012, Magmatic switch-on and switch-off along the South China continental margin since the Permian: Transition from an Andean-type to a Western Pacific-type plate boundary: Tectonophysics, v. 532-535, p. 271–290.
  • Liati, A., Gebauer, D., and Fanning, C.M., 2004, The age of ophiolitic rocks of the Hellenides (Vourinos, Pindos, Crete): first U–Pb ion microprobe (SHRIMP) zircon ages: Chemical Geology, v. 207, p. 171–188.
  • Lippitsch, R., Kissling, E., and Ansorge, J., 2003, Upper mantle structure beneath the Alpine orogen from high-resolution teleseismic tomography: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 108, 2376–doi:10.1029–2002Jb002016.
  • Lister, G., Kennett, B., Richards, S., and Forster, M., 2008, Boudinage of a stretching slablet implicated in earthquakes beneath the Hindu Kush: Nature Geoscience, v. 1, p. 196–201.
  • Lister, G.S., White, L.T., Hart, S., Forster, M.A., 2012. Ripping and tearing the rolling-back New Hebrides slab. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences v. 59-6, p. 899-911.
  • Lithgow-Bertelloni, C., and Richards, M.A., 1998, The dynamics of Cenozoic and Mesozoic plate motions: Reviews of Geophysics, 36, 27–78.
  • Liu, D., Huang, Q., Fan, S., Zhang, L., Shi, R., and Ding, L., 2013, Subduction of the Bangong-Nujiang Ocean: constraints from granites in the Bangong Co area, Tibet: Geological Journal, v. 49, p. 188–206.
  • Liu, L., 2014, Constraining Cretaceous subduction polarity in eastern Pacific from seismic tomography and geodynamic modeling: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 41, p. 8029–8036.
  • Liu, L., and Stegman, D.R., 2011, Segmentation of the Farallon slab: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 311, p. 1–10.
  • Liu, L., Spasojevic, S., and Gurnis, M., 2008, Reconstructing Farallon Plate subduction beneath North America back to the Late Cretaceous: Science, v. 322, p. 934–938.
  • Livermore, R., Hillenbrand, C.-D., Meredith, M., and Eagles, G., 2007, Drake Passage and Cenozoic climate: An open and shut case?: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, v. 8, doi: 10.1029/2005GC001224.
  • Lodolo, E., Donda, F., and Tassone, A., 2006, Western Scotia Sea margins: Improved constraints on the opening of the Drake Passage: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 111, B06101–14, doi: 10.1029/2006JB004361.
  • Lonergan, L., and White, N., 1997, Origin of the Betic‐Rif mountain belt: Tectonics, v. 16, p. 504–522.
  • Long, M.D., 2016. The Cascadia Paradox: Mantle flow and slab fragmentation in the Cascadia subduction system. Journal of Geodynamics, v. 102, p.151-170.
  • Lucente, F.P., and Speranza, F., 2001, Belt bending driven by lateral bending of subducting lithospheric slab: geophysical evidences from the northern Apennines (Italy): Tectonophysics, v. 337, p. 53–64.
  • Lucente, F.P., Chiarabba, C., Cimini, G.B., and Giardini, D., 1999, Tomographic constraints on the geodynamic evolution of the Italian region: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth (1978–2012), v. 104, p. 20307–20327.
  • Lustrino, M., Morra, V., Fedele, L., and Franciosi, L., 2009, Beginning of the Apennine subduction system in central western Mediterranean: Constraints from Cenozoic “orogenic” magmatic activity of Sardinia, Italy: Tectonics, v. 28, TC5016–doi:10.1029–2008TC002419.
  • Luyendyk, B.P., 1995, Hypothesis for Cretaceous rifting of east Gondwana caused by subducted slab capture: Geology, v. 23, p. 373–376.
  • Ma, X., Sun, X., Wiens, D.A., Wen, L., Nyblade, A., Anandakrishnan, S., Aster, R., Huerta, A., and Wilson, T., 2016, Strong seismic scatterers near the core–mantle boundary north of the Pacific Anomaly: Physics of The Earth and Planetary Interiors, v. 253, p. 21–30.
  • Maffione, M., Thieulot, C., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Morris, A., Plumper, O., Spakman, W., 2015a. Dynamics of intraoceanic subduction initiation: 1. Oceanic detachment fault inversion and the formation of supra-subduction zone ophiolites. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems v. 16, p. 1753–1770.
  • Maffione, M., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Koornneef, L.M.T., Guilmette, C., Hodges, K., Borneman, N., Huang, W., Ding, L., and Kapp, P., 2015b, Forearc hyperextension dismembered the south Tibetan ophiolites: Geology v. 43, p. 475–478.
  • Maffione, M., van Hinsbergen, D., de Gelder, G.I.N.O., van der Goes, F., Morris, A., 2017. Kinematics of subduction initiation in the Neo-Tethys Ocean during the Late Cretaceous reconstructed from ophiolites of Turkey, Cyprus, and Syria. Journal of Geophysical Research v. 122, 10.1002/2016JB013821
  • Magganas, A., Sideris, C., and Kokkinakis, A., 1991, Marginal basin—volcanic arc origin of metabasic rocks of the Circum-Rhodope Belt, Thrace, Greece: Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 44, p. 235–252.
  • Maggi, A., and Priestley, K., 2005, Surface waveform tomography of the Turkish-Iranian plateau: Geophysical Journal International, v. 160, p. 1068–1080.
  • Mahmood, K., Boudier, F., Gnos, E., Monié, P., and Nicolas, A., 1995, 40Ar/39Ar dating of the emplacement of the Muslim Bagh ophiolite, Pakistan: Tectonophysics, v. 250, p. 169–181.
  • Marquardt, H., Miyagi, L., 2015. Slab stagnation in the shallow lower mantle linked to an increase in mantle viscosity. Nature Geoscience 8, 311–314.
  • Martin, A.K., 2007, Gondwana breakup via double-saloon-door rifting and seafloor spreading in a backarc basin during subduction rollback: Tectonophysics, v. 445, p. 245–272.
  • Martin-Short, R., Allen, R.M., and Bastow, I.D., 2016, Subduction geometry beneath south central Alaska and its relationship to volcanism: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 43, doi: 10.1002/2016GL070580.
  • Martini, M., Mori, L., Solari, L., and Centeno-García, E., 2011, Sandstone Provenance of the Arperos Basin (Sierra de Guanajuato, Central Mexico): Late Jurassic–Early Cretaceous Back-Arc Spreading as the Foundation of the Guerrero Terrane: The Journal of Geology, v. 119, p. 597–617.
  • Martini, M., Solari, L., and Camprubi, A., 2013, Kinematics of the Guerrero terrane accretion in the Sierra de Guanajuato, central Mexico: new insights for the structural evolution of arc–continent collisional zones: International Geology Review, v. 55, p. 574–589.
  • Matenco, L., and Bertotti, G., 2000, Tertiary tectonic evolution of the external East Carpathians (Romania): Tectonophysics, v. 316, p. 255–286.
  • Matenco, L., and Radivojević, D., 2012, On the formation and evolution of the Pannonian Basin: Constraints derived from the structure of the junction area between the Carpathians and Dinarides: Tectonics, v. 31, doi:10.1029/2012TC003206.
  • Matenco, L., Bertotti, G., Cloetingh, S., and Dinu, C., 2003, Subsidence analysis and tectonic evolution of the external Carpathian–Moesian Platform region during Neogene times: Sedimentary Geology, v. 156, p. 71–94.
  • Matthews, K.J., Williams, S.E., Whittaker, J.M., Müller, R.D., Seton, M., and Clarke, G.L., 2015, Geologic and kinematic constraints on Late Cretaceous to mid Eocene plate boundaries in the southwest Pacific: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 140, p. 72–107.
  • Maurin, T., and Rangin, C., 2009, Structure and kinematics of the Indo-Burmese Wedge: Recent and fast growth of the outer wedge: Tectonics, v. 28, TC2010–doi:10.1029–2008TC002276.
  • Meffre, S., Falloon, T.J., Crawford, T.J., Hoernle, K., Hauff, F., Duncan, R.A., Bloomer, S.H., and Wright, D.J., 2012, Basalts erupted along the Tongan fore arc during subduction initiation: Evidence from geochronology of dredged rocks from the Tonga fore arc and trench: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, v. 13, doi: 10.1029/2012GC004335.
  • Meijers, M.J.M., Kaymakci, N., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Langereis, C.G., Stephenson, R.A., and Hippolyte, J.-C., 2010. Late Cretaceous to Paleocene oroclinal bending in the central Pontides (Turkey): Tectonics 29, TC4016–doi:10.1029–2009TC002620.
  • Meschede, M., and Frisch, W., 1998, A plate-tectonic model for the Mesozoic and Early Cenozoic history of the Caribbean plate: Tectonophysics, v. 296, p. 269–291.
  • Michard, A., Negro, F., Saddiqi, O., Bouybaouene, M.L., Chalouan, A., Montigny, R., and Goffé, B., 2006, Pressure–temperature–time constraints on the Maghrebide mountain building: evidence from the Rif–Betic transect (Morocco, Spain), Algerian correlations, and geodynamic implications: Comptes Rendus Geoscience, v. 338, p. 92–114.
  • Miller, M.S., and Kennett, B.L.N., 2006, Evolution of mantle structure beneath the northwest Pacific: Evidence from seismic tomography and paleogeographic reconstructions: Tectonics, v. 25, p. 1–14.
  • Miller, M.S., Gorbatov, A., and Kennett, B.L.N., 2005, Heterogeneity within the subducting Pacific slab beneath the Izu–Bonin–Mariana arc: Evidence from tomography using 3D ray tracing inversion techniques: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 235, p. 331–342.
  • Miller, M.S., Gorbatov, A., and Kennett, B.L.N., 2006, Three-dimensional visualization of a near-vertical slab tear beneath the southern Mariana arc: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, v. 7, doi: 10.1029/2005GC001110.
  • Miller, M.S., Kennett, B.L.N., and Lister, G.S., 2004, Imaging changes in morphology, geometry, and physical properties of the subducting Pacific plate along the Izu–Bonin–Mariana arc: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 224, p. 363–370.
  • Mills, B., Daines, S.J., Lenton, T.M., 2014. Changing tectonic controls on the long-term carbon cycle from Mesozoic to present. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15 doi: 10.1002/2014GC005530.
  • Mohammadi, A., Burg, J.-P., Bouilhol, P., and Ruh, J., 2016, U–Pb geochronology and geochemistry of Zahedan and Shah Kuh plutons, southeast Iran: Implication for closure of the South Sistan suture zone: Lithos, v. 248-251, p. 293–308.
  • Moix, P., Beccaletto, L., Kozur, H.W., Hochard, C., Rosselet, F., and Stampfli, G.M., 2008, A new classification of the Turkish terranes and sutures and its implication for the paleotectonic history of the region: Tectonophysics, v. 451, p. 7–39.
  • Montelli, R., Nolet, G., Masters, G., Dahlen, F.A., Hung, S.H., 2004. Global P and PP traveltime tomography: rays versus waves. Geophysical Journal International 158, 637–654.
  • Morley, C.K., 2002, A tectonic model for the Tertiary evolution of strike–slip faults and rift basins in SE Asia: Tectonophysics, v. 347, p. 189–215.
  • Morris, A., Anderson, M.W., Robertson, A.H., and Al-Riyami, K., 2002, Extreme tectonic rotations within an eastern Mediterranean ophiolite (Baër–Bassit, Syria): Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 202, p. 247–261.
  • Mortensen, J.K., Hall, B.V., Bissig, T., Friedman, R.M., Danielson, T., Oliver, J., Rhys, D.A., Ross, K.V., and Gabites, J.E., 2008, Age and Paleotectonic Setting of Volcanogenic Massive Sulfide Deposits in the Guerrero Terrane of Central Mexico: Constraints from U-Pb Age and Pb Isotope Studies: Economic Geology, v. 103, p. 117–140.
  • Mumladze, T., Forte, A.M., Cowgill, E.S., Trexler, C.C., Niemi, N.A., Yıkılmaz, M.B., and Kellogg, L.H., 2015, Subducted, detached, and torn slabs beneath the Greater Caucasus: GEORESJ, v. 5, p. 36–46.
  • Munizaga, F., Hervé, F., Drake, R.E., Pankhurst, R.J., Brook, M., and Snelling, N., 2002, Geochronology of the Lake Region of south-central Chile (39°-42°S): Preliminary results: Journal of South American Earth Sciences, v. 1, p. 309–316.
  • Muttoni, G., Mattei, M., Balini, M., Zanchi, A., Gaetani, M., and Berra, F., 2009, The drift history of Iran from the Ordovician to the Triassic: Geological Society, London, Special Publications, v. 312, p. 7–29.
  • Müller, R.D., Sdrolias, M., Gaina, C., and Roest, W.R., 2008, Age, spreading rates, and spreading asymmetry of the world’s ocean crust: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, v. 9, Q04006–doi:10.1029–2007GC001743.
  • Müller, R.D., Seton, M., and Zahirovic, S., Williams, S.E., Matthews, K.J., Wright, N.M., Shephard, G.E., Maloney, K.T., Barnett-Moore, N., Hosseinpour, M., Bower, D.J., and Cannon, J.S., 2016. Ocean Basin Evolution and Global-Scale Plate Reorganization Events Since Pangea Breakup: Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 44, 107–138.
  • Myron G., Best, E.H.C., 1991, Limited extension during peak Tertiary volcanism, Great Basin of Nevada and Utah: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 96, p. 13509–13528.
  • Natal’in, B.A., Sunal, G., Satir, M., and Toraman, E., 2012, Tectonics of the Strandja Massif, NW Turkey: History of a long-lived arc at the northern margin of Paleo-Tethys: Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 21, p. 755–798.
  • Negredo, A.M., Replumaz, A., Villaseñor, A., and Guillot, S., 2007, Modeling the evolution of continental subduction processes in the Pamir–Hindu Kush region: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 259, p. 212–225.
  • Neill, I., Kerr, A.C., Hastie, A.R., Pindell, J.L., Millar, I.L., and Atkinson, N., 2012, Age and Petrogenesis of the Lower Cretaceous North Coast Schist of Tobago, a Fragment of the Proto–Greater Antilles Inter-American Arc System: The Journal of Geology, v. 120, p. 367–384.
  • Neill, I., Kerr, A.C., Hastie, A.R., Stanek, K.P., and Millar, I.L., 2011, Origin of the Aves Ridge and Dutch-Venezuelan Antilles: interaction of the Cretaceous “Great Arc” and Caribbean-Colombian Oceanic Plateau?: Journal of the Geological Society, v. 168, p. 333–348.
  • Nerlich, R., Clark, S.R., and Bunge, H.-P., 2013, The Scotia Sea gateway: No outlet for Pacific mantle : Tectonophysics, v. 604, p. 41–50.
  • Niu, F., and Wen, L., 2001, Strong seismic scatterers near the core-mantle boundary west of Mexico: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 28, p. 3557–3560.
  • Nokleberg, W.J., Parfenov, L.M., Monger, J.W.H., Norton, I.O., Khanchuk, A., Stone, D.B., Scotese, C.R., and Scholl, D.W.A.F.K., 2000, Phanerozoic tectonic evolition of the circum-north Pacific: USGS Professional Paper 1626.
  • Obayashi, M., Yoshimitsu, J., and Fukao, Y., 2009, Tearing of Stagnant Slab : Science, v. 324, p. 1173–1175.
  • Obayashi, M., Yoshimitsu, J., Nolet, G., Fukao, Y., Shiobara, H., Sugioka, H., Miyamachi, H., and Gao, Y., 2013, Finite frequency whole mantle Pwave tomography: Improvement of subducted slab images: v. 40, p. 5652–5657.
  • Obrebski, M., Allen, R.M., Xue, M., and Hung, S.-H., 2010, Slab-plume interaction beneath the Pacific Northwest: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 37, doi: 10.1029/2010GL043489.
  • Okay, A.I., and Monié, P., 1997, Early Mesozoic subduction in the Eastern Mediterranean: Evidence from Triassic eclogite in northwest Turkey: Geology, v. 25, p. 595–598.
  • Okay, A.I., and Nikishin, A.M., 2015, Tectonic evolution of the southern margin of Laurasia in the Black Sea region: International Geology Review, v. 57, p. 1051-1076.
  • Okay, A.I., Monod, O., and Monié, P., 2002, Triassic blueschists and eclogites from northwest Turkey: vestiges of the Paleo-Tethyan subduction: Lithos, v. 64, p. 155–178.
  • Okay, A.I., Noble, P.J., and Tekin, U.K., 2011, Devonian radiolarian ribbon cherts from the Karakaya Complex, Northwest Turkey: Implications for the Paleo-Tethyan evolution : Comptes rendus – Palevol, v. 10, p. 1–10.
  • Okay, A.I., Zattin, M., and Cavazza, W., 2010, Apatite fission-track data for the Miocene Arabia-Eurasia collision: Geology, v. 38, p. 35–38.
  • Pang, K.-N., Chung, S.-L., Zarrinkoub, M.H., Khatib, M.M., Mohammadi, S.S., Chiu, H.-Y., Chu, C.-H., Lee, H.-Y., and Lo, C.-H., 2013, Eocene–Oligocene post-collisional magmatism in the Lut–Sistan region, eastern Iran: Magma genesis and tectonic implications: Lithos, v. 180-181, p. 234–251.
  • Pankhurst, R.J., Rapela, C.W., Fanning, C.M., and Márquez, M., 2006, Gondwanide continental collision and the origin of Patagonia: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 76, np. 235–257.
  • Parfenov, L.M., Badarch, G., A, B.N., Khanchuk, A., Kuzmin, M.I., Nokleberg, W.J., Prokopiev, A.V., Ogasawara, M., and Yan, H., 2009, Summary of Northeast Asia geodynamics and tectonics: Stephan Mueller Special Publication Series, v. 4, p. 11–33.
  • Patzelt, A., Li, H., Wang, J., and Appel, E., 1996, Palaeomagnetism of Cretaceous to Tertiary sediments from southern Tibet: evidence for the extent of the northern margin of India prior to the collision with Eurasia: Tectonophysics, v. 259, p. 259–284.
  • Pavlis, G.L., and Das, S., 2000, The Pamir-Hindu Kush seismic zone as a strain marker for flow in the upper mantle: Tectonics, v. 19, p. 103–115.
  • Pegler, G., and Das, S., 1998, An enhanced image of the Pamir-Hindu Kush seismic zone from relocated earthquake hypocentres: Geophysical Journal International, v. 134, p. 573–595.
  • Pesicek, J.D., Thurber, C.H., Widiyantoro, S., Zhang, H., DeShon, H.R., and Engdahl, E.R., 2010, Sharpening the tomographic image of the subducting slab below Sumatra, the Andaman Islands and Burma: Geophysical Journal International, v. 182, p. 433-453.
  • Pindell, J., Maresch, W.V., Martens, U., and Stanek, K., 2012, The Greater Antillean Arc: Early Cretaceous origin and proposed relationship to Central American subduction mélanges: implications for models of Caribbean evolution: International Geology Review, v. 54, p. 131–143.
  • Pindell, J.L., and Kennan, L., 2009, Tectonic evolution of the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean and northern South America in the mantle reference frame: an update: Geological Society, London, Special Publications, v. 328, p. 1–55.
  • Piromallo, C., 2003, Pwave tomography of the mantle under the Alpine-Mediterranean area: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 108, 2065, doi: 10.1029/2002JB001757.
  • Piromallo, C., and Morelli, A., 1997, Imaging the Mediterranean upper mantle by P-wave travel time tomography: Annali di Geofisica, v. 40, p. 963–979.
  • Piromallo, C., and Morelli, A., 2003, P wave tomography of the mantle under the Alpine‐Mediterranean area: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 108, 2065, doi: 10.1029/2002JB001757.
  • Platt, J.P., Allerton, S., Kirker, A., Mandeville, C., Mayfield, A., Platzman, E.S., and Rimi, A., 2003, The ultimate arc: Differential displacement, oroclinal bending, and vertical axis rotation in the External Betic-Rif arc: Tectonics, v. 22, 1017–doi:10.1029–2001TC001321.
  • Pownall, J.M., Hall, R., Armstrong, R.A., and Forster, M.A., 2014, Earth’s youngest known ultrahigh-temperature granulites discovered on Seram, eastern Indonesia: Geology, v. 42, p. 279–282.
  • Pullen, A., and Kapp, P., 2014, Mesozoic tectonic history and lithospheric structure of the Qiangtang terrane: Insights from the Qiangtang metamorphic belt, central Tibet, in Geological Society of America Special Papers, v. 507, p. 71–87.
  • Puspito, N.T., and Shimazaki, K., 1995, Mantle structure and seismotectonics of the Sunda and Banda arcs: Tectonophysics, v. 251, p. 215–228.
  • Puspito, N.T., Yamanaka, Y., Miyatake, T., Shimazaki, K., and Hirahara, K., 1993, Three-dimensional P-wave velocity structure beneath the Indonesian region: Tectonophysics, v. 220, p. 175–192.
  • Qi, C., Zhao, D., and Chen, Y., 2007, Search for deep slab segments under Alaska: Physics of The Earth and Planetary Interiors, v. 165, p. 68–82.
  • Quarles van Ufford, A., and Cloos, M., 2005, Cenozoic tectonics of New Guinea: AAPG Bulletin, v. 89, p. 119–140.
  • Ramos, V.A., 2008, Journal of South American Earth Sciences: Journal of South American Earth Sciences, v. 26, p. 235–251.
  • Rangin, C., Bijwaard, H., Pubellier, M., and Spakman, W., 1999, Tomographic and geological constraints on subduction along the eastern Sundaland continental margin (South-East Asia) : Bulletin de la Société Géologiques de France, v. 170, p. 775–788.
  • Rawlinson, N., W. Spakman, 2016. On the use of sensitivity tests in seismic tomography, Geophysical Journal International 205, 1221–1243.
  • Reagan, M.K., McClelland, W.C., Girard, G., Goff, K.R., Peate, D.W., Ohara, Y., and Stern, R.J., 2013, The geology of the southern Mariana fore-arc crust: Implications for the scale of Eocene volcanism in the western Pacific: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 380, p. 41–51.
  • Ren, J., Tamaki, K., Li, S., and Junxia, Z., 2002, Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic rifting and its dynamic setting in Eastern China and adjacent areas: Tectonophysics, v. 344, p. 175–205.
  • Ren, Y., Strutzmann, E., van der Hilst, R.D., and Besse, J., 2007, Understanding seismic heterogeneities in the lower mantle beneath the Americas from seismic tomography and plate tectonic history: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 112, B01302–doi:10.1029–2005JB004154.
  • Ren, Y., Stuart, G.W., Houseman, G.A., Dando, B., Ionescu, C., Hegedus, E., Radovanovic, S., Shen, Y., and Group, S.C.P.W., 2012, Upper mantle structures beneath the Carpathian–Pannonian region Implications for the geodynamics of continental collision: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 349-350, p. 139–152.
  • Replumaz, A., Kárason, H., van der Hilst, R.D., Besse, J., and Tapponnier, P., 2004, 4-D evolution of SE Asia’s mantle from geological reconstructions and seismic tomography: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 221, p. 103–115.
  • Replumaz, A., Negredo, A.M., Guillot, S., and Villasenor, A., 2010a, Multiple episodes of continental subduction during India/Asia convergence: Insight from seismic tomography and tectonic reconstruction: Tectonophysics, v. 483, p. 125–134.
  • Replumaz, A., Negredo, A.M., Guillot, S., van der Beek, P., and Villaseñor, A., 2010b, Crustal mass budget and recycling during the India/Asia collision: Tectonophysics, v. 492, p. 99–107.
  • Replumaz, A., Negredo, A.M., Villaseñor, A., and Guillot, S., 2010c, Indian continental subduction and slab break-off during Tertiary collision: Terra Nova, v. 22, p. 290–296.
  • Restrepo, J.J., Ordóñez-Carmona, O., Armstrong, R., and Pimentel, M.M., 2011, Triassic metamorphism in the northern part of the TahamI Terrane of the central cordillera of Colombia: Journal of South American Earth Sciences, v. 32, p. 497–507.
  • Rezaei-Kahkhaei, M., Kananian, A., Esmaeily, D., and Asiabanha, A., 2010, Geochemistry of the Zargoli granite: Implications for development of the Sistan Suture Zone, southeastern Iran: Island Arc, v. 19, p. 259–276.
  • Ricou, L.E., Burg, J.P., Godfriaux, I., and Ivanov, Z., 1998, Rhodope and Vardar: the metamorphic and the olistostromic paired belts related to the Cretaceous subduction under Europe: Geodinamica Acta, v. 11, p. 285–309.
  • Richards, M.A., Engebretson, D.C., 1992 Large-scale mantle convection and the history of subduction. Nature 355, 437 – 440.
  • Ritsema, J., Deuss, A., van Heijst, H.J., and Woodhouse, J.H., 2011, S40RTS: a degree-40 shear-velocity model for the mantle from new Rayleigh wave dispersion, teleseismic traveltime and normal-mode splitting function measurements: Geophysical Journal International, v. 184, p. 1223–1236.
  • Robertson, A.H.F., 2002, Overview of the genesis and emplacement of Mesozoic ophiolites in the Eastern Mediterranean Tethyan region: Lithos, v. 65, p. 1–67.
  • Rogers, R.D., Kárason, H., and van der Hilst, R.D., 2002, Epeirogenic uplift above a detached slab in northern Central America: Geology, v. 30, p. 1031–1034.
  • Rosenbaum, G., and Lister, G.S., 2004, Formation of arcuate orogenic belts in the western Mediterranean region: Geological Society of America Special Paper, v. 383, p. 41–56.
  • Rosenbaum, G., Avigad, D., and Sánchez-Gómez, M., 2002a, Coaxial flattening at deep levels of orogenic belts: evidence from blueschists and eclogites on Syros and Sifnos (Cyclades, Greece): Journal of Structural Geology, v. 24, p. 1451–1462.
  • Rosenbaum, G., Gasparon, M., Lucente, F.P., Peccerillo, A., and Miller, M.S., 2008, Kinematics of slab tear faults during subduction segmentation and implications for Italian magmatism: Tectonics, v. 27, TC2008–doi:10.1029–2007TC002143.
  • Rosenbaum, G., Lister, G.S., and Duboz, C., 2002b, Reconstruction of the tectonic evolution of the western Mediterranean since the Oligocene: Journal of the virtual explorer, v. 8, p. 107–130.
  • Rost, S., Garnero, E.J., and Williams, Q., 2008, Seismic array detection of subducted oceanic crust in the lower mantle: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 113, B06303–11, doi: 10.1029/2007JB005263.
  • Roth, J.B., Fouch, M.J., James, D.E., and Carlson, R.W., 2008, Three-dimensional seismic velocity structure of the northwestern United States: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 35, L15304–6, doi: 10.1029/2008GL034669.
  • Ruiz-Martinez, V.C., Torsvik, T.H., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., and Gaina, C., 2012, Earth at 200 Ma: Global palaeogeography refined from CAMP palaeomagnetic data: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 331-332, p. 67–79.
  • Sagong, H., Kwon, S.T., and Ree, J.H., 2005, Mesozoic episodic magmatism in South Korea and its tectonic implication: Tectonics, v. 24, TC5002–doi:10.1029–2004TC001720.
  • Sayıt, K., and Göncüoglu, M.C., 2013, Geodynamic evolution of the Karakaya Mélange Complex, Turkey: A review of geological and petrological constraints: v. 65, p. 56–65.
  • Schellart, W.P., and Spakman, W., 2015, Australian plate motion and topography linked to fossil New Guinea slab below Lake Eyre: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 421, p. 107-116.
  • Schellart, W.P., and Spakman, W., 2012, Mantle constraints on the plate tectonic evolution of the Tonga–Kermadec–Hikurangi subduction zone and the South Fiji Basin region: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 59, p. 933–952.
  • Schellart, W.P., Kennett, B.L.N., Spakman, W., and Amaru, M.L., 2009, Plate reconstructions and tomography reveal a fossil lower mantle slab below the Tasman Sea: v. 278, p. 143–151.
  • Schellart, W.P., Lister, G.S., and Toy, V.G., 2006, A Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic reconstruction of the Southwest Pacific region: Tectonics controlled by subduction and slab rollback processes: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 76, p. 191–233.
  • Scherreiks, R., Meléndez, G., Boudagher-Fadel, M., Fermeli, G., and Bosence, D., 2014, Stratigraphy and tectonics of a time-transgressive ophiolite obduction onto the eastern margin of the Pelagonian platform from Late Bathonian until Valanginian time, exemplified in northern Evvoia, Greece: International Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 103, p. 2191–2216.
  • Schildgen, T.F., Cosentino, D., Caruso, A., Buchwaldt, R., Yıldırım, C., Bowring, S.A., Rojay, B., Echtler, H., and Strecker, M.R., 2012, Surface expression of eastern Mediterranean slab dynamics: Neogene topographic and structural evolution of the southwest margin of the Central Anatolian Plateau, Turkey: Tectonics, v. 31, doi: 10.1029/2011TC003021.
  • Schmandt, B., and Humphreys, E., 2011, Seismically imaged relict slab from the 55 Ma Siletzia accretion to the northwest United States: Geology, v. 39, p. 175–178.
  • Schmid, S.M., Bernoulli, D., Fügenschuh, B., Maţenco, L., Schefer, S., Schuster, R., Tischler, M., and Ustaszewski, K., 2008, The Alpine-Carpathian-Dinaridic orogenic system: correlation and evolution of tectonic units: Swiss Journal of Geosciences, v. 101, p. 139–183.
  • Schmid, S.M., F genschuh, B., Kissling, E., and Schuster, R., 2004, Tectonic map and overall architecture of the Alpine orogen: Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, v. 97, p. 93–117.
  • Schneider, F.M., Yuan, X., Schurr, B., Mechie, J., Sippl, C., Haberland, C., Minaev, V., Oimahmadov, I., Gadoev, M., Radjabov, N., Abdybachaev, U., Orunbaev, S., and Negmatullaev, S., 2013, Seismic imaging of subducting continental lower crust beneath the Pamir: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 375, p. 101–112.
  • Scholl, D.W., Vallier, T.L., and Stevenson, A.J., 1989, Geologic evolution and petroleum geology of the Aleutian Ridge, in Scholl, D.W., Grantz, A., and Vedder, J.G. eds., Houston, Texas, p. 122–155.
  • Schumacher, L., and Thomas, C., 2016, Detecting lower-mantle slabs beneath Asia and the Aleutians: Geophysical Journal International, v. 205, p. 1512–1524.
  • Sdrolias, M., Müller, R.D., and Gaina, C., 2004, Tectonic evolution of the southwest Pacific using constraints from backarc basins: Geological Society of Australia Special Publication, v. 22, p. 343–359.
  • Searle, M.P., and Cox, J.C., 2009, Tectonic setting, origin and obduction of the Oman Ophiolite: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 111, p. 104-122.
  • Searle, M.P., Corfield, R.I., Stephenson, B., and McCarron, J., 1997, Structure of the north Indian continental margin in the Ladakh-Zanskar Himalayas: Implications for the timing of obduction of the Spontang ophiolite, India-Asia collision and deformation events in the Himalaya: Geological Magazine, v. 134, p. 297–316.
  • Sengör, A.M.C., and Yilmaz, Y., 1981, Tethyan evolution of Turkey: A plate tectonic approach: Tectonophysics, v. 75, p. 181–241.
  • Sengör, A.M.C., Özeren, S., Genç, T., and Zor, E., 2003, East Anatolian high plateau as a mantle-supported, north-south shortened domal structure: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 30, 8045–doi: 10.1029–2003GL017858.
  • Seno, T., and Maruyama, S., 1984, Paleogeographic reconstruction and origin of the Philippine Sea: Tectonophysics, v. 102, p. 53–84.
  • Seton, M., Müller, R.D., Zahirovic, S., Gaina, C., Torsvik, T.H., Shephard, G., Talsma, A., Gurnis, M., Turner, M., Maus, S., and Chandler, M., 2012, Global continental and ocean basin reconstructions since 200 Ma: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 113, p. 212–270.
  • Seton, M., Flament, N., Whittaker, J., Müller, R.D., Gurnis, M., and Bower, D.J., 2015. Ridge subduction sparked reorganization of the Pacific plate-mantle system 60–50 million years ago: Geophysical Research Letters 42, 1732–1740.
  • Shahnas, M.H, Yuen, D.A, Pysklywec, R.N., 2017. Mid-mantle heterogeneities and iron spin transition in the lower mantle: Implications for mid-mantle slab stagnation, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 458, 293-304.
  • Shapiro, M.N., and Solov’ev, A.V., 2009, Formation of the Olyutorsky–Kamchatka foldbelt: a kinematic model: Russian Geology and Geophysics, v. 50, p. 668–681.
  • Shephard, G.E., Flament, N., Williams, S., Seton, M., Gurnis, M., and Müller, R.D., 2014, Circum-Arctic mantle structure and long-wavelength topography since the Jurassic: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 119, doi: 10.1002/2014JB011078.
  • Shephard, G.E., Müller, R.D., and Seton, M., 2013, The tectonic evolution of the Arctic since Pangea breakup: Integrating constraints from surface geology and geophysics with mantle structure: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 124, p. 148–183.
  • Shephard, G.E., Trønnes, R.G., Spakman, W., Panet, I., and Gaina, C., 2016, Evidence for slab material under Greenland and links to Cretaceous High Arctic magmatism: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 43, p. 3717-3726.
  • Sibuet, J.-C., and Hsu, S.-K., 2004, How was Taiwan created?: Tectonophysics, v. 379, p. 159–181.
  • Sibuet, J.C., Srivastava, S.P., and Spakman, W., 2004, Pyrenean orogeny and plate kinematics: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 109, B08104–doi: 10.1029–2003JB002514.
  • Sigloch, K., 2011, Mantle provinces under North America from multifrequency P wave tomography: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, v. 12, Q02W08–doi:10.1029–2010GC003421.
  • Sigloch, K., and Mihalynuk, M.G., 2013, Intra-oceanic subduction shaped the assembly of Cordilleran North America: Nature, v. 496, 50–56.
  • Sigloch, K., McQuarrie, N., and Nolet, G., 2008, Two-stage subduction history under North America inferred from multiple-frequency tomography: Nature Geoscience, v. 1, p. 458–462.
  • Simmons, N.A., Myers, S.C., Johannesson, G., and Matzel, E., 2012, LLNL-G3Dv3: Global P wave tomography model for improved regional and teleseismic travel time prediction: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 117, B10302, doi: 10.1029/2012JB009525.
  • Simmons, N.A., Myers, S.C., Johannesson, G., Matzel, E., Grand, S.P., 2015. Evidence for long-lived subduction of an ancient tectonic plate beneath the southern Indian Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 9270–9278.
  • Sippl, C., Schurr, B., Tympel, J., Angiboust, S., Mechie, J., Yuan, X., Schneider, F.M., Sobolev, S.V., Ratschbacher, L., Haberland, C., TIPAGE-Team, 2013, Deep burial of Asian continental crust beneath the Pamir imaged with local earthquake tomography: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 384, p. 165–177.
  • Skolbeltsyn, G., Mellors, R., Gok, R., and Turkelli, N., 2014, Upper Mantle S wave Velocity Structure of the East Anatolian‐Caucasus Region: Tectonics, v. 33, p. 207-221.
  • Sobel, E.R., Chen, J., Schoenbohm, L.M., Thiede, R., Stockli, D.F., Sudo, M., and Strecker, M.R., 2013, Oceanic-style subduction controls late Cenozoic deformation of the Northern Pamir orogen: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 363, p. 204–218.
  • Sokolov, S.D., 1992, Accretionary Tectonics of the Koryak–Chukchi Segment of the Pacific Belt [in Russian]: Nauka, Moscow.
  • Sokolov, S.D., 2010, Tectonics of Northeast Asia: An overview: Geotectonics, v. 44, p. 493–509.
  • Sokolov, S.D., Bondarenko, G.Y., Layer, P.W., and Kravchenko-Berezhnoy, I.R., 2009, South Anyui suture: tectono-stratigraphy, deformations, and principal tectonic events: Stephan Mueller Special Publication Series, v. 4, p. 201–221.
  • Šoštarić, S.B., Palinkaš, A.L., Neubauer, F., Cvetkovic, V., Bernroider, M., and Genser, J., 2014, The origin and age of the metamorphic sole from the Rogozna Mts., Western Vardar Belt: New evidence for the one-ocean model for the Balkan ophiolites: Lithos, v. 192-195, p. 39–55.
  • Spakman, W., 1986a, Subduction beneath Eurasia in connection with the Mesozoic Tethys: Geologie en Mijnbouw, v. 65, p. 145–153.
  • Spakman, W., 1986b, The upper mantle structure in the Central European-Mediterranean region, in Freeman, R., Mueller, S., and Giese, P. eds., Strassbourg, p. 215–222.
  • Spakman, W., and Hall, R., 2010, Surface deformation and slab–mantle interaction during Banda arc subduction rollback: Nature Geoscience, v. 3, p. 562–566.
  • Spakman, W., and Wortel, M.J.R., 2004, A tomographic view on western Mediterranean geodynamics: in: Cavazza, W., Roure, F., Spakman, W., Stampfli, G.M., and Ziegler, P., in: The TRANSMED Atlas, The Mediterranean Region from Crust to Mantle, p. 31-52.
  • Spakman, W., Stein, S., van der Hilst, R.D., and Wortel, M.J.R., 1989, Resolution experiments for NW Pacific subduction zone tomography: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 16, p. 1097–1100.
  • Spakman, W., van der Lee, S., and van der Hilst, R., 1993, Travel-time tomography of the European-Mediterranean mantle down to 1400 km: Physics of The Earth and Planetary Interiors, v. 79, p. 3–74.
  • Spakman, W., Wortel, M., and Vlaar, N.J., 1988, The Hellenic subduction zone: a tomographic image and its geodynamic implications: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 15, p. 60–63.
  • Stampfli, G.M., and Borel, G.D., 2002, A plate tectonic model for the Paleozoic and Mesozoic constrained by dynamic plate boundaries and restored synthetic oceanic isochrons: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 196, p. 17–33.
  • Stampfli, G.M., and Borel, G.D., 2004, The TRANSMED Transects in Space and Time: Constraints on the Paleotectonic Evolution of the Mediterranean Domain, in The TRANSMED Atlas. The Mediterranean Region from Crust to Mantle, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, p. 53–80.
  • Stanek, K.P., Maresch, W.V., and Pindell, J.L., 2009, The geotectonic story of the northwestern branch of the Caribbean Arc: implications from structural and geochronological data of Cuba (K. P. Stanek, W. V. Maresch, & J. Pindell, Eds.): Geological Society, London, Special Publications, v. 328, p. 361–398.
  • Steinberger, B., Torsvik, T.H., 2008. Absolute plate motions and true polar wander in the absence of hotspot tracks. Nature 452, 620-623.
  • Stern, R.J., and Bloomer, S.H., 1992, Subduction zone infancy: Examples from the Eocene Izu-Bonin-Mariana and Jurassic California arcs: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 104, p. 1621–1636.
  • Stern, R.J., Reagan, M., Ishizuka, O., Ohara, Y., and Whattam, S.A., 2012, To understand subduction initiation, study forearc crust: To understand forearc crust, study ophiolites: Lithosphere, v. 4, p. 469–483.
  • Stone, D.B., Layer, P.W., and Raikevich, M.I., 2009, Age and paleomagnetism of the Okhotsk-Chukotka Volcanic Belt (OCVB) near Lake El’gygytgyn, Chukotka, Russia: Stephan Mueller Special Publication Series, v. 4, p. 243–260.
  • Stoykov, S., Peytcheva, I., Quadt, von, A., Moritz, R., Frank, M., and Fontignie, D., 2004, Timing and magma evolution of the Chelopech volcanic complex (Bulgaria): Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 84, p. 101–117.
  • Sugioka, H., Suetsugu, D., Obayashi, M., Fukao, Y., and Gao, Y., 2010, Fast P- and S-wave velocities associated with the “cold” stagnant slab beneath the northern Philippine Sea: Physics of The Earth and Planetary Interiors, v. 179, p. 1–6.
  • Suzuki, Y., Kawai, K., Geller, R.J., Borgeaud, A.F.E., Konishi, K., 2016. Waveform inversion for 3-D S-velocity structure of D′′ beneath the Northern Pacific: possible evidence for a remnant slab and a passive plume. Earth, Planets and Space, 68, 198.
  • Swarbrick, R.E., and Naylor, M.A., 1980, The Kathikas melange, SW Cyprus: late Cretaceous submarine debris flows: Sedimentology, v. 27, p. 63–78.
  • Taboada, A., Rivera, L.A., Fuenzalida, A., Cisternas, A., Philip, H., Bijwaard, H., Olaya, J., and Rivera, C., 2000, Geodynamics of the northern Andes: Subductions and intracontinental deformation (Colombia): Tectonics, v. 19, p. 787–813.
  • Talavera-Mendoza, O., Ruiz, J., Gehrels, G.E., Valencia, V.A., and Centeno-Garcia, E., 2007, Detrital zircon U/Pb geochronology of southern Guerrero and western Mixteca arc successions (southern Mexico): New insights for the tectonic evolution of southwestern North America during the late Mesozoic: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 119, p. 1052–1065.
  • Tankard, A., Welsink, H., Aukes, P., Newton, R., and Stettler, E., 2009, Tectonic evolution of the Cape and Karoo basins of South Africa: Marine and Petroleum Geology, v. 26, p. 1379–1412.
  • Tate, G.W., McQuarrie, N., van Hinsbergen, D.J., Bakker, R.R., Harris, R.A., and Jiang, H., 2015, Australia going down under: Quantifying continental subduction during arc-continent accretion in Timor-Leste: Geosphere, v. submitted.
  • Tate, G.W., McQuarrie, N., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Bakker, R.R., Harris, R., Willett, S., Reiners, P.W., Fellin, M.G., Ganerød, M., and Zachariasse, W.J., 2014, Resolving spatial heterogeneities in exhumation and surface uplift in Timor‐Leste: Constraints on deformation processes in young orogens: Tectonics, v. 33, p. 1089–1112.
  • Tate, G.W., McQuarrie, N., Tiranda, H., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Harris, R., Zachariasse, W.J., Fellin, M.G., Reiners, P.W., Willett, S.D., 2017, First-order orogenic cylindricity amid locally high variability in uplift, exhumation and geometry: insights on orogenic controls from West Timor, Gondwana Research, accepted pending revision.
  • Tekin, U.K., and Göncüoğlu, M.C., 2007, Discovery of the oldest (Upper Ladinian to Middle Carnian) radiolarian assemblages from the Bornova Flysch zone in Western Turkey: implications for the evolution of the Neotethyan Izmir-Ankara ocean: Ofioliti, v. 32, p. 131–150.
  • Tekin, U.K., Göncüoglu, M.C., and Turhan, N., 2002, First evidence of Late Carnian radiolarians from the Izmir–Ankara suture complex, central Sakarya, Turkey: implications for the opening age of the Izmir–Ankara branch of Neo-Tethys: Geobios, v. 35, p. 127–135.
  • Thomas, C., Garnero, E.,J., and Lay, T., 2004, High-resolution imaging of lowermost mantle structure under the Cocos plate: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 109. B08307–doi:10.1029–2004JB003013.
  • Tirrul, R., BELL, I.R., Griffis, R.J., and Camp, V.E., 1983, The Sistan suture zone of eastern Iran: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 94, p. 134–150.
  • Tomurtogoo, O., Windley, B.F., Kröner, A., Badarch, G., and Liu, D.Y., 2005, Zircon age and occurrence of the Adaatsag ophiolite and Muron shear zone, central Mongolia: constraints on the evolution of the Mongol-Okhotsk ocean, suture and orogen: Journal of the Geological Society, v. 162, p. 125–134.
  • Torsvik, T.H., and Cocks, L.R.M., 2009, The Lower Palaeozoic palaeogeographical evolution of the northeastern and eastern peri-Gondwanan margin from Turkey to New Zealand: Geological Society, London, Special Publications, v. 325, p. 3–21.
  • Torsvik, T.H., Müller, R.D., Van der Voo, R., Steinberger, B., and Gaina, C., 2008, Global plate motion frames: Toward a unified model: Reviews of Geophysics, v. 46, RG3004–doi:10.1029–2007RG000227.
  • Torsvik, T.H., Steinberger, B., Cocks, L.R.M., Burke, K., 2008. Longitude: Linking Earth’s ancient surface to its deep interior. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 276, 273–282.
  • Torsvik, T.H., Doubrovine, P.V., Steinberger, B., Gaina, C., Spakman, W., and Domeier, M., 2017. Pacific plate motion change caused the Hawaiian-Emperor Bend : Nature Communications in press.
  • Torsvik, T.H., Van der Voo, R., Doubrovine, V., Burke, K., Steinberger, B., Ashwal, L.D., Tronnes, R.G., Webb, S.J., Bull, A.L., 2014. Deep mantle structure as a reference frame for movements in and on the Earth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111, 8735–8740
  • Torsvik, T.H., Van der Voo, R., Preeden, U., MacNiocaill, C., Steinberger, B., Doubrovine, P.V., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Domeier, M., Gaina, C., Tohver, E., Meert, J.G., McCausland, P.J.A., and Cocks, L.R.M., 2012, Phanerozoic polar wander, palaeogeography and dynamics: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 114, p. 325–368.
  • Tremblay, A., Meshi, A., Deschamps, T., Goulet, F., and Goulet, N., 2015, The Vardar Zone as a suture for the Mirdita ophiolites, Albania : constraints from the structural analysis of the Korabi-Pelagonia Zone: Tectonics, v. 34, doi: 10.1002/2014TC003807.
  • Trop, J.M., and Ridgway, K.D., 2007, Mesozoic and Cenozoic tectonic growth of southern Alaska: A sedimentary basin perspective: Geological Society of America Special Paper, v. 432, p. 55–94.
  • Trop, J.M., Szuch, S.A., Rioux, M., and Blodgett, R.B., 2005, Sedimentology and provenance of the Upper Jurassic Naknek Formation, Talkeetna Mountains, Alaska; bearings on the accretionary tectonic history of the Wrangellia composite terrane: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 117, p. 570–588.
  • Ustaszewski, K., Schmid, S.M., Fügenschuh, B., Tischler, M., Kissling, E., and Spakman, W., 2008, A map-view restoration of the Alpine-Carpathian-Dinaridic system for the Early Miocene: Swiss Journal of Geosciences, v. 101, p. 273–294.
  • Ustaszewski, K., Wu, Y.-M., Suppe, J., Huang, H.-H., Chang, C.-H., and Carena, S., 2012, Crust–mantle boundaries in the Taiwan–Luzon arc-continent collision system determined from local earthquake tomography and 1D models: Implications for the mode of subduction polarity reversal: Tectonophysics, v. 578, p. 31–49.
  • van Benthem, S., Govers, R., Spakman, W., and Wortel, M.J.R., 2013, Tectonic evolution and mantle structure of the Caribbean: v. 118, p. 3019–3036.
  • van de Lagemaat, S.H.A., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Boschman, L.M., Kamp, J.J., and Spakman, W., 2017. Southwest Pacific absolute plate kinematic reconstruction reveals major mid – Late Cenozoic Tonga-Kermadec slab-dragging, Earth-Science Reviews submitted.
  • Van der Hilst, R., Engdahl, R., Spakman, W., and Nolet, G., 1991, Tomographic imaging of subducted lithosphere below northwest Pacific island arcs: Nature, v. 353, p. 37–43.
  • van der Hilst, R.D., 1995, Complex morphology of subducted lithosphere in the mantle beneath the Tonga trench: Nature, v. 374, p. 154–157.
  • van der Hilst, R.D., and Mann, P., 1994, Tectonic implications of tomographic images of subducted lithosphere beneath northwestern South America: Geology, v. 22, p. 451–454.
  • Van der Hilst, R., and Seno, T., 1993. Effects of relative plate motion on the deep structure and penetration depth of slabs below the Izu-Bonin and Mariana island arcs. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 120, 395-407
  • van der Hilst, R.D., and Spakman, W., 1989, Importance of reference model in linearized tomography and images of subduction below the Caribbean plate: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 16, p. 1093–1096.
  • van der Hilst, R.D., de Hoop, M.V., Wang, P., Shim, S.H., Ma, P., and Tenorio, L., 2007, Seismostratigraphy and Thermal Structure of Earth’s Core-Mantle Boundary Region: Science, v. 315, p. 1813–1817.
  • van der Lee, S., and Nolet, G., 1997, Seismic image of the subducted trailing fragments of the Farallon plate: Nature, v. 386, p. 266–269.
  • van der Meer, D.G., Spakman, W., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Amaru, M.L., and Torsvik, T.H., 2010, Towards absolute plate motions constrained by lower-mantle slab remnants: Nature Geoscience, v. 3, p. 36–40.
  • van der Meer, D.G., Torsvik, T.H., Spakman, W., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., and Amaru, M.L., 2012, Intra-Panthalassa Ocean subduction zones revealed by fossil arcs and mantle structure: Nature Geoscience, v. 5, p. 215–219.
  • van der Meer, D.G., Zeebe, R.E., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Sluijs, A., Spakman, W., and Torsvik, T.H., 2014, Plate tectonic controls on atmospheric CO2 levels since the Triassic: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v. 111, p. 4380–4385.
  • van der Meer, D.G., van den Berg van Saparoea, A.P.H., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., van de Weg, R.M.B., Goddéris, Y., Le Hir, G., Donnadieu, Y., 2017. Reconstructing first-order changes in sea level during the Phanerozoic and Neoproterozoic using strontium isotopes. Gondwana Research 44, 22-34.
  • Van der Voo, R., Spakman, W., and Bijwaard, H., 1999a, Mesozoic subducted slabs under Siberia: Nature, v. 397, p. 246–249.
  • Van der Voo, R., Spakman, W., and Bijwaard, H., 1999b, Tethyan subducted slabs under India: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 171, p. 7–20.
  • Van der Voo, R., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Domeier, M., Spakman, W., and Torsvik, T.H., 2015, Latest Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous closure of the Mongol-Okhotsk Ocean: A paleomagnetic and seismological-tomographic analysis, Geological Society of America Special Paper, v. 513, p. 589-606.
  • van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Lippert, P.C., Dupont-Nivet, G., McQuarrie, N., Doubrovine, P.V., Spakman, W., and Torsvik, T.H., 2012, Greater India Basin hypothesis and a two-stage Cenozoic collision between India and Asia: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, v. 109, p. 7659–7664.
  • van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., 2010, A key extensional metamorphic complex reviewed and restored: The Menderes Massif of western Turkey: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 102, p. 60–76.
  • van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Hafkenscheid, E., Spakman, W., Meulenkamp, J.E., and Wortel, M.J.R., 2005, Nappe stacking resulting from subduction of oceanic and continental lithosphere below Greece: Geology, v. 33, p. 325–328.
  • van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Kapp, P., Dupont-Nivet, G., Lippert, P.C., DeCelles, P.G., and Torsvik, T.H., 2011a, Restoration of Cenozoic deformation in Asia, and the size of Greater India: Tectonics, v. 30, TC5003–doi:10.1029/2011TC002908.
  • van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Kaymakci, N., Spakman, W., and Torsvik, T.H., 2010, Reconciling the geological history of western Turkey with plate circuits and mantle tomography: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 297, p. 674–686.
  • van Hinsbergen, D.J., Maffione, M., Plunder, A., Kaymakci, N., Ganerød, M., Hendriks, B.W.H., Corfu, F., Gürer, D., de Gelder, G.I.N.O., Peters, K., McPhee, P.J., Brouwer, F.M., Advokaat, E.L., and Vissers, R.L.M., 2016a, Tectonic evolution and paleogeography of the Kırşehir Block and the Central Anatolian Ophiolites, Turkey: Tectonics, v. 35, p. 983–1014.
  • van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Peters, K., Maffione, M., Spakman, W., Guilmette, C., Thieulot, C., Plumper, O., Gürer, D., Brouwer, F.M., Aldanmaz, E., and Kaymakci, N., 2015, Dynamics of intra-oceanic subduction initiation, part 2: supra-subduction zone ophiolite formation and metamorphic sole exhumation in context of absolute plate motions: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, v. 16, p. 1771-1785.
  • van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Spakman, W., Vissers, R.L.M., and van der Meer, D.G., 2017, Comment on “Assessing discrepancies between previous plate kinematic models of Mesozoic Iberia and their constraints” by Barnett-Moore et al., Tectonics, in press.
  • van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Steinberger, B., Doubrovine, P.V., and Gassmöller, R., 2011b, Acceleration and deceleration of India-Asia convergence since the Cretaceous: Roles of mantle plumes and continental collision: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 116, B06101–doi: 10.1029/2010JB008051.
  • van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Vissers, R., and Spakman, W., 2014, Origin and consequences of western Mediterranean subduction, rollback, and slab segmentation: Tectonics, v. 33, p. 393–419.
  • Vaughan, A.P.M., Pankhurst, R.J., and Fanning, C.M., 2002, A mid-Cretaceous age for the Palmer Land event, Antarctic Peninsula: implications for terrane accretion timing and Gondwana palaeolatitudes: Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 159, p. 113–116.
  • Villagomez, D., Spikings, R., Magna, T., Kammer, A., Winkler, W., and Beltrán, A., 2011, Geochronology, geochemistry and tectonic evolution of the Western and Central cordilleras of Colombia: Lithos, v. 125, p. 875–896.
  • Vincent, S.J., Braham, W., LavrishchevA., Maynard, J.R., Harland, M., 2017. The formation and inversion of the western Greater Caucasus Basin and the uplift of the western Greater Caucasus: Implications for the wider Black Sea region. Tectonics, 36 doi: 10.1002/2016TC004204.
  • Vincent, S.J., Carter, A., Lavrishchev, V.A., Rice, S.P., Barabadze, T.G., and Hovius, N., 2010, The exhumation of the western Greater Caucasus: a thermochronometric study: Geological Magazine, v. 148, p. 1–21.
  • Vincent, S.J., Morton, A.C., Carter, A., Gibbs, S., and Barabadze, T.G., 2007, Oligocene uplift of the Western Greater Caucasus: an effect of initial Arabia?Eurasia collision: Terra Nova, v. 19, p. 160–166.
  • Vishnevskaya, S., Filatova, N.I., 2012. Allochthonous Mesozoic marine sequences of northeastern Asia and western North America: correlation of stratigraphic and geodynamic depositional settings. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 6, 189–208.
  • Vissers, R., van Hinsbergen, D., Meijer, P.T., and Piccardo, G.B., 2013, Kinematics of Jurassic ultra-slow spreading in the Piemonte Ligurian ocean: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 380, p. 138–150.
  • Vissers, R.L.M., and Meijer, P.T., 2012a, Iberian plate kinematics and Alpine collision in the Pyrenees: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 114, p. 61–83.
  • Vissers, R.L.M., and Meijer, P.T., 2012b, Mesozoic rotation of Iberia: Subduction in the Pyrenees?: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 110, p. 93–110.
  • Vissers, R.L.M., van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., van der Meer, D.G., and Spakman, W., 2016, Cretaceous slab break-off in the Pyrenees: Iberian plate-kinematics in paleomagnetic and mantle reference frames, Gondwana Research, v. 34, p. 49-59
  • von Blanckenburg, F., and Davies, J.H., 1995, Slab breakoff: A model for syncollisional magmatism and tectonics in the Alps: Tectonics, v. 14, p. 120–131.
  • von Quadt, A., Moritz, R., Peytcheva, I., and Heinrich, C.A., 2005, 3: Geochronology and geodynamics of Late Cretaceous magmatism and Cu–Au mineralization in the Panagyurishte region of the Apuseni–Banat–Timok–Srednogorie belt, Bulgaria: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 27, p. 95–126.
  • Wakabayashi, J., 2015, Anatomy of a subduction complex: architecture of the Franciscan Complex, California, at multiple length and time scales: International Geology Review, v. 57, p. 669-746.
  • Wakabayashi, J., and Dilek, Y., 2000, Spatial and temporal relationships between ophiolites and their metamorphic soles: a test of models of forearc ophiolite genesis: Geological Society of America Special Paper, v. 349, p. 53–64.
  • Wakabayashi, J., and Dumitru, T.A., 2007, 40Ar/39Ar Ages from Coherent, High- Pressure Metamorphic Rocks of the Franciscan Complex, California: Revisiting the Timing of Metamorphism of the World’s Type Subduction : International Geology Review, v. 49, p. 1–36.
  • Wanke, M., Portnyagin, M., Hoernle, K., Werner, R., Hauff, F., van den Bogaard, P., and Garbe-Schonberg, D., 2012, Bowers Ridge (Bering Sea): An Oligocene-Early Miocene island arc: Geology, v. 40, p. 687–690.
  • Ward, P.L., 1995, Subduction cycles under western North America during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic eras: GSA Special Paper, v. 299, p. 1–40.
  • Warren, C.J., Parrish, R.R., Searle, M.P., and Waters, D.J., 2003, Dating the subduction of the Arabian continental margin beneath the Semail ophiolite, Oman: Geology, v. 31, p. 889–892.
  • Wegner, W., Worner, G., Harmon, R.S., and Jicha, B.R., 2011, Magmatic history and evolution of the Central American Land Bridge in Panama since Cretaceous times: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 123, p. 703–724.
  • Wei, W., Xu, J., Zhao, D., and Shi, Y., 2012, Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, v. 60, p. 88–103.
  • Wells, R.E., and McCaffrey, R., 2013, Steady rotation of the Cascade arc: Geology, v. 41, p. 1027–1030.
  • West, J.D., Fouch, M.J., Roth, J.B., and Elkins-Tanton, L.T., 2009, Vertical mantle flow associated with a lithospheric drip beneath the Great Basin: Nature Geoscience, v. 2, p. 439–444.
  • Widiyantoro, S., and van der Hilst, R., 1996a, Structure and Evolution of Lithospheric Slab Beneath the Sunda Arc, Indonesia: Science, v. 271, p. 1566–1570.
  • Widiyantoro, S., and van der Hilst, R.D., 1997, Mantle structure beneath Indonesia inferred from high-resolution tomographic imaging: Geophysical Journal International, v. 130, p. 167–182.
  • Widiyantoro, S., and van der Hilst, R.D., 1996b, Structure and evolution of subducted lithosphere beneath the Sunda arc, Indonesia: Science, v. 271, p. 1566–1570.
  • Widiyantoro, S., Kennett, B.L.N., and van der Hilst, R.D., 1999, Seismic tomography with P and S data reveals lateral variations in the rigidity of deep slabs: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 173, p. 91–100.
  • Widiyantoro, S., Gorbatov, A., Kennett, B. L. N., Fukao, Y., 2000. Improving global shear wave traveltime tomography using three-dimensional ray tracing and iterative inversion. Geophys Journal International 141-3, 747-758.
  • Widiyantoro, S., Pesicek, J.D., and Thurber, C.H., 2011, Subducting slab structure below the eastern Sunda arc inferred from non-linear seismic tomographic imaging: Geological Society, London, Special Publications, v. 355, p. 139–155.
  • Wortel, M.J.R., and Spakman, W., 1992, Structure and dynamics of subducted lithosphere in the Mediterranean region: Proceedings van de Koninklijke Nederlandse Academie van Wetenschappen, v. 95, p. 325–347.
  • Wortel, M.J.R., and Spakman, W., 2000, Subduction and slab detachment in the Mediterranean-Carpathian region: Science, v. 290, p. 1910–1917.
  • Wu, H., Li, C., Hu, P., and Li, X., 2014, Early Cretaceous (100–105 Ma) Adakitic magmatism in the Dachagou area, northern Lhasa terrane, Tibet: implications for the Bangong–Nujiang Ocean subduction and slab break-off: International Geology Review, v. 57, p. 1172-1188.
  • Wu, H., Li, C., Xu, M., and Li, X., 2015, Early Cretaceous adakitic magmatism in the Dachagou area, northern Lhasa terrane, Tibet: Implications for slab roll-back and subsequent slab break-off of the lithosphere of the Bangong-Nujiang Ocean: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, v. 97, p. 51–66.
  • Wu, J., Suppe, J., Lu, R., and Kanda, R., 2016, Philippine Sea and East Asian plate tectonics since 52 Ma constrained by new subducted slab reconstruction methods: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 121, p. 4670–4741.
  • Xiao, W.J., Huang, B., Han, C., Sun, S., and Li, J., 2010, A review of the western part of the Altaids: A key to understanding the architecture of accretionary orogens: Gondwana Research, v. 18, p. 253–273.
  • Xu, M., LI, C., Zhang, X., and Wu, Y., 2014, Nature and evolution of the Neo-Tethys in central Tibet: synthesis of ophiolitic petrology, geochemistry, and geochronology: v. 56, p. 1072–1096.
  • Yin, A., and Harrison, T.M., 2000, Geologic evolution of the Himalayan-Tibetan orogen: Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, v. 28, p. 211–280.
  • Zahirovic, S., Müller, R.D., Seton, M., Flament, N., Gurnis, M., and Whittaker, J., 2012, Insights on the kinematics of the India-Eurasia collision from global geodynamic models: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, v. 13, doi: 10.1029/2011GC003883.
  • Zahirovic, S., Seton, M., and Müller, R.D., 2014, The Cretaceous and Cenozoic tectonic evolution of Southeast Asia: Solid Earth, v. 5, p. 227–273.
  • Zahirovic, S., Matthews, K.J., Flament, N., Müller, R.D., Hill, K.C., Seton, M., Gurnis, M., 2016. Tectonic evolution and deep mantle structure of the eastern Tethys since the latest Jurassic. Earth-Science Reviews 162, 293–337.
  • Zeng, M., Zhang, X., Cao, H., Ettensohn, F.R., Cheng, W., and Lang, X., 2015, Late Triassic initial subduction of the Bangong-Nujiang Ocean beneath Qiangtang revealed: stratigraphic and geochronological evidence from Gaize, Tibet: Basin Research, v. 28, p. 147-157.
  • Zhang, J., Shan, X., and Huang, X., 2011, Seismotectonics in the Pamir: An oblique transpressional shear and south-directed deep-subduction model: Geoscience Frontiers, v. 2, p. 1–15.
  • Zhao, D., Hasegawa, A., and Horiuchi, S., 1992. Tomographic imaging of P and S wave velocity strutcure beneath northeastern Japan. Journal of Geophysical Research 97, 19,909-19,928.
  • Zhao, D., 2004. Global tomographic images of mantle plumes and subducting slabs: insight into deep Earth dynamics. Physics of The Earth and Planetary Interiors, 146, 3–34.
  • Zhao, D., and Ohtani, E., 2009, Deep slab subduction and dehydration and their geodynamic consequences: Evidence from seismology and mineral physics: Gondwana Research, v. 16, p. 401–413.
  • Zhao, D., Pirajno, F., Dobretsov, N.L., and Liu, L., 2010, Mantle structure and dynamics under East Russia and adjacent regions: RGG, v. 51, p. 925–938.
  • Zheng, H.-W., Gao, R., Li, T.-D., Li, Q.-S., and He, R.-Z., 2013, Collisional tectonics between the Eurasian and Philippine Sea plates from tomography evidences in Southeast China: v. 606, p. 14–23.
  • Zhu, D.-C., Zhao, Z.-D., Niu, Y., Dilek, Y., Hou, Z.-Q., and Mo, X.-X., 2013, Gondwana Research: v. 23, p. 1429–1454.
  • Zhu, D.-C., Zhao, Z.-D., Niu, Y., Mo, X.-X., Chung, S.-L., Hou, Z.-Q., Wang, L.-Q., and Wu, F.-Y., 2011, Earth and Planetary Science Letters: v. 301, p. 241–255.
  • Zhu, H., Bozdağ, E., Peter, D., and Tromp, J., 2012, Structure of the European upper mantle revealed by adjoint tomography: v. 5, p. 493–498.
  • Ziegler, P.A., 1989, Evolution of Laurussia: Kluwer Academic Publications, Dordrecht, 102p.
  • Zimmerman, A., Stein, H.J., Hannah, J.L., Kozelj, D., Bogdanov, K., and Berza, T., 2007, Tectonic configuration of the Apuseni–Banat—Timok–Srednogorie belt, Balkans-South Carpathians, constrained by high precision Re–Os molybdenite ages: Mineralium Deposita, v. 43, p. 1–21.
  • Zor, E., 2008, Tomographic evidence of slab detachment beneath eastern Turkey and the Caucasus: Geophysical Journal International, v. 175, p. 1273–1282.